CHAPTER 3 on Vocabulary

ABSCOND (Verb)                                    

Meaning- leave hurriedly and secretly generally to escape from custody or avoid arrest.

Mnemonic trick- The word abscond contains word ‘cond’.’cond’ contains word ‘KAND’. ‘KAND’ karne ke baad to bhaagna hi padega. Therefore, abscond means to leave hurriedly and secretly generally to escape from custody or avoid arrest.

 

Synonym- ESCAPE, FLEE, RUN AWAY                        

Uses-

  • He absconded with the company funds.
  • The boy absconded from children’ s home.
  • Manager embezzled company’ s funds and absconded.
  • Several prisoners absconded from jail on the occasion of Diwali.

ABSOLVE (Verb)

                                                                            

Meaning-to state formally that somebody is not guilty or responsible for something.

Mnemonic trick- Case is solved now, absolve the prisoner. Therefore, absolve means to state formally that somebody is not guilty or responsible.

Synonym- REMIT, EXCUSE, FORGIVE, PARDON

Uses- 

    • That still does not absolve me from feeling like a bastard.
    • No amount of remorse will absolve ISIS militants, who committed heinous crimes.

 

                                                                            

ABSTEMIOUS (Adj.)

 

 Meaning- moderate in appetite or not allowing yourself to do things that are enjoyable.

Mnemonic trick- abstem in word abstemious, sounds like abstain. Therefore, abstemious means abstain from pleasures of life.

Synonym- SELF-DENYING, SELF-DISCIPLINED, SOBERED

Uses-

  • I always try to be an abstemious eater, but it is difficult to abstain from junk food.
  • It was too prissy, too refined, too abstemious, too French to be a good American writer.
  • He was a man of abstemious habits, charitable disposition, and impressive eloquence.
  • Priests live an abstemious lifestyle. They abstain from alcohol and marriage.

 

ABSTRUSE (OR OBSCURE) (Adj.)

 

 Meaning- complex, difficult to understand

Mnemonic trick- ABSTRUSE = ABS + TRUSE. It is abstruse task to know the truth of the origin of ABC.

Synonym- PERPLEXING, PUZZLING, ESOTERIC, PROFOUND, RAREFIED, HIGHBROW, RECONDITE

Uses-

    • Some scientist may understand the Einstein’s theory of relativity, but for students, it is an abstruse collection of ideas.
    • It is an abstruse task to understand the enigma of Bermuda triangle.

 

 

 

ACCOLADE (Noun)

Meaning- to make insane or to disturb the operations and functions of something.

Mnemonic trick- The word accolade contains word cola. Amir Khan got accolades from his fans after doing advertisement of Coca-Cola. Therefore, accolade means an award or an expression of praise.

Synonym- ENCOMIUM, EULOGY, PANEGYRIC, PEAN, COMMENDATION, LAURELS

Uses-

  • The novel received accolades from various reviewers.
  • Mack was very pleased with the accolade which he received at the university when he received the honorary degree.

 

ACME (OR APEX OR APOGEE) (Noun)

Meaning- The highest point of achievement or excellence.

Synonym- ZENITH, PINNACLE

Uses-

  • The acme of the Indian cricket team was its victory in the world cup.
  • Daniel is suffering from diabetes. Yesterday he ate chocolates. I think that his sugar level is at its acme.
  • Messi has reached the acme of his career. But he is still avid.
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CHAPTER 2 on Vocabulary

ABEYANCE (Noun)

 

 

Meaning- (1) Suspended actions.

(2) Condition in which legal ownership of an estate has not been established.

Uses of first meaning-

  • The sentence was held in abeyance until more proof could be obtained.
  • Mark was told that the building project would be held in abeyance until spring.

Uses of second meaning-

  • The uncertain abeyance of her father ‘s property caused a great deal of anxiety for him; so, the decision of the judge is considered to be important.

ABHOR (Verb)

 

Meaning- to hate (someone or something) very much.

Mnemonic trick- The word abhor contains word bhor. Hindi word ‘bhor’ means morning. I abhor getting up early in the morning. Therefore, abhor means hate.

 

Synonym- ABOMINATE, DESPISE, DETEST, EXECRATE, LOATHE

Uses-

  • I abhor the way people leave their trash at the picnic sites in the park.
  • I abhor this type of insulting behavior.
  • If you abhor racism, you can make a difference.
  • He abhors trolling.

 

ABLAZE (Adjective or Adverb)

Meaning- 1) In the process of burning.

2) glowing with light, color or emotion.

Uses-

  • Suddenly, the room was ablaze with light.
  • Her lips were ablaze with red lipstick.
  • The judge chose to show clemency to the truly repentant embezzler.
  • The school was set ablaze by unknown miscreants.

ABOMINABLE (OR HORRENDOUS OR DREADFUL OR LOATHSOME OR ODIOUS) (Adj.)

  

 

 Meaning- very bad or unpleasant or Worthy of disgust or hatred.

Synonym- OBNOXIOUS, ABHORRENT

Uses- 

  • It was one of the most odious crimes of recent history.
  • I had the abominable habit of chewing my fingernails in the public.
  • Abominable, unnatural as Rahul’s conduct to his unhappy and innocent son undoubtedly was, there is no reason to suppose that he ever regretted it.
  • Life once conceived, must be protected with the utmost care; abortion and infanticide are abominable crimes.
  • Child trafficking an abominable crime: Amitabh Bachchan.

ABROGATE (Verb)

 

 

Meaning- 1) to end or cancel (something) in a formal and official way.

2) to fail to do what is required by (something such as responsibility).

Mnemonic trick- The word abrogate contains word gate. Gate sounds similar to hate. If we hate something we abrogate or cancel it.  Bad should be given up. Therefore, abrogate means to end or cancel (something) in a formal and official way.

Synonym- RESCIND, ANNUL, ABOLISH, QUASH, RETRACT, REVOKE

Uses-

  • The company’ s directors are accused of abrogating their responsibilities.
  • You are not allowed to abrogate old treaties that are unfair to you.
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