CHAPTER 101 on Vocabulary

VACILLATE (Verb)

Meaning- 1) to keep changing your opinion or thoughts about something especially in a way that annoys other people.

2) hesitate.

Mnemonic trick- The word vacillate contains word ‘cillate’. ‘cillate’ sounds similar to oscillate. Just like pendulum oscillates between two positions or we can say that pendulum vacillates between two positions. Therefore, vacillate means to keep changing your opinion or thoughts about something especially in a way that annoys other people.

Synonym- FLUCTUATE, WAVER, HESITATE, OSCILLATE

Uses-

  • Vacillated for so long that someone else stepped in and made the decision.
  • After the breakup with her boy-friend, Michael seemed to vacillate between angry and very sad.
  • Her mood vacillated between hope and despair.
  • Yesterday Pooja seemed to be so sure about where he would be going this weekend, but today he is vacillating as to whether he will visit his mother or go to the football game.

          

VAINGLORIOUS (OR SUPERCILIOUS) (Adj.)

Meaning- having or showing too much pride in your abilities or achievements

Synonym- EGOISTIC, POMPOUS, PRIDEFUL, CONCEITED, NARCISSISTIC

Explanation- vain has two meanings. It means futile and it also means egoistic. Therefore, word vainglorious comes from word vain.

Uses-

  • That vainglorious and pompous senator annoys all who know him.
  • Vaingloriousness was a characteristic of Napoleon.
  • No one can all you modest or diffident; indeed, on the contrary, you are the modest vainglorious man I know.
  • Jeet was a vainglorious athlete who bragged about his basketball talents whenever he was interviewed on TV or on radio.
  • Kapil was a vainglorious celebrity who appeared on many TV programs because he made fun of every superstar.

                     

VENERATE (Verb)

Meaning- to honor or greatly respect a person or thing.

Venerate usually implies holding something or someone as holy or sacrosanct.

Synonym- IDOLIZE, ADMIRE, RESPECT, REVERE

Uses-

  • Munshi premchand is India’s most venerated poet.
  • Snakes are venerated in India as religious symbol.
  • In some cultures, people venerate their ancestors, even leaving food offerings for them.

                              

VERACITY (Noun)

Meaning- 1) Truth or accuracy.

2) The quality of being truthful or honest.

Mnemonic trick- The word veracity contains word ‘VERACIT’. ‘VERACIT’ sounds similar to Hindi word ‘VIRASAT’. In Indian culture, we inherit truthful or honest nature. We get veracity in ‘VIRASAT’. Therefore, veracity means truth or quality of being truthful.

Synonym- TRUTHFULNESS, INTEGRITY, HONESTY, CANDIDNESS

Uses-

  • We questioned the veracity of her remarks.
  • They had to question the veracity of his remarks regarding the accident.
  • The lawyer hoped the jury would n ‘t doubt the veracity of the witness.
  • The voracity of his mind to read and to absorb new information was matched by the veracity of his essays which were written in lucid way.

                                         

VEX (Verb)

Meaning- 1) to make another person annoyed or upset.

2) to make someone anxious or to agitate.

3) to confuse or to puzzle other people.

Mnemonic trick- The word vex sounds similar to tax. Nowadays, number of taxes like service tax, income tax and other taxes continue to vex us. Therefore, vex means to make another person annoyed or anxious or to confuse others.

Synonym- EXASPERATE, AGITATE, AGGRAVATE, IRRITATE

Uses-

  • Jimmy was vexing his sister by refusing to let her see the TV program that she wanted to watch.
  • Michael was waiting at bus stop and delay in the arrival of the bus was vexing him because it just made him late for his office.
  • The inadequate information about words in many dictionaries has vexed many users over the years.
  • This issue looks likely to continue to vex the government.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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