CHAPTER 12 on Vocabulary

BURGEON (Verb)

Meaning- Grow or flourish rapidly; put forth buds or shoots (of a plant).

Uses-

  • The dictator was concerned about people’ s burgeoning discontent and redoubled his personal security.
  • Spending an hour a day on vocabulary studies will soon cause your lexicon to burgeon.

 

BUTTRESS (Verb) & BUTTRESS (Noun)

BUTTRESS (Verb)

Meaning- Support or encourage.

Uses-

  • A self-defense class really helped to buttress Elain’ s confidence.

BUTTRESS (Noun)

Meaning- A support especially projecting from and supporting the wall of a building.

Uses-

  • David used his Ph. D as a buttress against criticism. “I have a doctorate,” he would say. “ I just don’ t think you can understand”.

           

EUPHONY (Noun) and CACOPHONY (Noun)

EUPHONY (Noun)

Meaning- pleasing or sweet sound or harmonious succession of words having a pleasing sound.

Mnemonic trick- ‘eu’ is a root word for good or well. ‘phony’ is a root word for ‘sound’. Therefore, euphony means pleasing or sweet sound.

Uses-

  • In the interest of euphony, some harmonious sound is needed to bridge the great gap which almost always exists between the bass and the upper instruments, but this filling out most be of the softest and most atmospheric kind.
  • The language is much ruled by laws of euphony, which have been strictly formulated by native grammarians.

CACOPHONY (Noun)

Meaning- 1) the quality of having bad sounds.

2) Inharmonious combination of dissonance.

Mnemonic trick- The word cacophony contains word ‘coph’ and ‘phony’. ‘coph’ sounds similar to cough. KAKA is ‘coughing’ and his ‘coughing’ is adding to ‘cacophony’ in my room.

Synonym- NOISE, CLAMOR, DISCORDANCE

Uses-

  • The sounds of barking dogs and sirens added to the cacophony on the streets.
  • When I went to student’ s concert, I was startled by the cacophony of the inharmonious presentations by the school’ s musician.
  • The author used many cacophonies in the text, capturing the realistic sounds of the birds in the jungle.

                                      

CAJOLE (Verb)

Meaning-  To persuade someone to do something they might not want to do, by pleasant talks and sometimes false promises.

Mnemonic trick-KAJOL is such a good actress that she can cajole every good director.

Synonym- COAX, WHEEDLE

Uses-

  • He really knows how to cajole people into doing what he wants.
  • He cajoled Mr. Daniel to stand for the Governor.
  • She tried to cajole her father into letting her drive the family car.

                                   

CALLOUS(AdJ.)

 

Meaning- without sympathy or feeling about the problems or suffering of other people.

Synonym- COMPASSIONLESS, COLD-HEARTED

Uses-

  • He had worked in a hospital for so many years that he was callous to the suffering in wards.
  • It might sound callous, but I do not care if he is homeless, He is not living with me.
  • He made a callous remark about those who were injured in the accident.

 

1  ……………………………………………………………………………. 11 12 13 ……………………….. 30

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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