Meaning: To criticize unfairly or to make (something) seem less important or valuable
Use: All attempts to denigrate the character of our late president have failed; the people still love him and cherish his memory.
Meaning: To describe (someone or something) as little or unimportant
Use: Perhaps should not belittle their children’ s early attempts at drawing but should encourage their efforts.
Meaning: To describe (someone or something) as unimportant, weak, bad etc.
Use: When Sara was given less pay as a secretary, she disparaged her boss as an idiot who didn’t deserve to be a supervisor.
Meaning: To criticize or express disapproval of (someone or something)
Use: The city spokesman deprecates the use of violence as done by some demonstrators.
Meaning: To express strong disapproval of
Use: Violence on TV is generally decried as being harmful to children.
Meaning: To insult (someone or something)
Use: Senator Johnson was warned that such a statement will derogate his reputation.
Explanation: Scorn (Noun) means a feeling that someone or something is not worthy of any respect or approval. Scornful (Adj.) is adjective form of word Scorn (Noun). Deride (Verb) means to ridicule or to talk about something in an insulting way. Derision (Noun) means scornful ridicule.
Satiric (Adj.) and Sarcastic (Adj.) deviates slightly. Satiric (Adj.) and Sarcastic (Adj.) means insulting using irony.
Meaning: Criticizing unfairly or making something less important or valuable
Meaning: Describing (someone or something) as little or unimportant
Meaning: Feeling or showing deep hatred or disapproval
Use: Paulette’s contemptuous tone of voice was dripping with unkindness and disrespect for the neighbor who would not keep his yard clean.
Meaning: Expressing strong disapproval of
Meaning: Showing strong dislike or disapproval of someone or something you think does not deserve respect
Use: “When Janine was at the restaurant, she looked at the plate which the waiter brought with a disdainful glare because it was not what she had ordered.”
Meaning: Criticizing or expressing disapproval of (someone or something)
Use: “Deprecatory remarks were made about the book.”
Meaning: 1) Causing (something) to have a lower price or value
2) Describing (something) as having little value
Use: These changes have greatly depreciated the value of the house.
Meaning: Lowering the dignity of someone
Use: The political candidate was demeaning her opponent.
Meaning: Expressing a belief that someone or something is ridiculous or without value
Use: The pawnbroker offered what I regarded as a derisory amount for the diamond ring.
Meaning: Insulting to someone or something
Use: When Alisa used the pejorative “you’re an idiot” with the young man, and although James was tempted to send stronger pejoratives back to her, much to his credit, he resisted the temptation.
Meaning: Using irony to defame or insult someone
Use Her sarcastic comments that my singing reminded her of the time her dog was sick.
Meaning: Showing disrespect or scorn for someone or something
Use: Shirley had a sardonic smile when she was told what a wonderful dress she was wearing.
Meaning: Using humor or irony etc. to criticize or ridicule
Use: They soon acquired a satiric and disrespectful tone which made the authorities uneasy.
Meaning: Feeling or showing that someone is not worthy of any respect or approval
Use: He is scornful of anyone who disagrees with his political beliefs.
Meaning: Expressing a low opinion of someone or something
Use: An uncomplimentary description of the town in which the writer grew up.
Explanation: Disdain (Verb) means to treat someone with disdain (Noun).
Contempt (Noun) has second meaning also. Contempt (Noun) means speech or behavior that does not show proper respect to a court or judge.
Meaning: A feeling of strong dislike or disapproval of someone or something
Use: The mayor regarded the proposal for building a shopping center in the city park with disdain.
Meaning: To strongly dislike or disapprove of (someone or something)
Use: They disdained him for being weak.
Meaning: 1) A feeling that someone or something is not worthy of any respect or approval
2) Speech or behavior that does not show proper respect to a court or judge
Use: She has displayed a profound contempt for her opponents.
Explanation: Bereaved (Adj.) means sad because a family member or friend has recently died. Plangent (Adj.) and Plaintive (Adj.) means expressing sadness.
Meaning: Sad, especially because a family member or friend, has recently died
Use: Many families have been bereaved following the deaths of men doing an honest day’ s work.
Meaning: Very sad and disappointed
Use: He came back empty-handed and crestfallen.
Meaning: Sad and in low spirits because of failure, loss etc.
Use: The dejected players slowly made their way to the locker room, where they could mourn their defeat in private.
Meaning: Very sad and without hope
Use: Jeremiah was very despondent about losing his job after fifteen years with the company; however, the business was having economic problems and laying off many of its employees.
Meaning: Very unhappy or sad
Use: Survivors of the tornadoes were even more disconsolate when they saw the destruction that resulted.
Meaning: Very sad
Use: Jimmy was in a state of doleful misery when his dog was run over by a car.
Meaning: Marked by or expressing misery or grief
Use: After dinner, June had a dolorous feeling in her stomach and thought that she had eaten too much ice cream for dessert!
Meaning: 1) Sad and lonely
Use: Deserted by her big sisters and her friends, the forlorn child sat sadly on the steps awaiting their return.
Meaning: Sad or depressed
Use: There is no need to look so glum- things will get better soon.
Meaning: Full of sadness or sorrow
Use: Danny wore lugubrious mourning clothing although he didn’t really feel sad about his uncle’s death.
Meaning: Very sad
Use: She becomes quite melancholic when she reflects on all the lost opportunities of her life.
Meaning: Very sad or unhappy
Use: Those morose job seekers who have grown accustomed to rejection.
Meaning: Very sad
Use: She had such a mournful expression that someone teasingly asked if her dog had died.
Meaning: Expressing suffering or sadness
Use: Mark heard the plaintive cries from the woman who had just slipped on the icy sidewalk and fallen; so, he rushed to help her and he used his cell phone to call for an ambulance to come so she could receive medical aid.
Meaning: Loud and mournful
Use: A plangent, haunting song about a long-ago love.
Meaning: Very serious and unhappy
Use: Do not be misled by his saturnine countenance; he is not as gloomy as he looks.
Meaning: Very sad and serious
Use: She spoke in sepulchral whispers.
Meaning: Very sad
Use: He sounded so woeful, is expression so longing, that I had felt sympathy for him.1….. 11 12 13 …………………………………………………………44