CHAPTER 13 on Vocabulary

CALLOW (Adj.)

Meaning- immature, inexperienced. It describes someone especially a young person, who behaves in a way that shows a lack of experience, confidence or judgment.

Mnemonic trick- allow is part of callow. Most of the time Callows are not allowed to participate in the recruitment process. Therefore callow means inexperienced.

Synonym- IMMATURE, INEXPERIENCED, PUERILE

Uses-

  • Mark was just a callow youth of sixteen when he arrived in Paris.
  • As a freshman, Jack was sure he was the man of the world, as a sophomore, he made fun of first-year students. Both cases showed just how callow he was.
  • I am writing a story about callow youth. Who learned the value of money and self-reliance when he started working.

           

CAMARADERIE (OR RAPPORT) (Noun)

Meaning- A trustworthy friendship and loyalty among people

Mnemonic trick- camaraderie contains word ‘camara’ (or room) and derie sounds similar to dairy. ‘good friends pete hain ek hi camara (or room) pe darru and ek hi dairy pe doodh’. Therefore, camaraderie means a feeling of good friendship among the people in a group.

Synonym- FRIENDSHIP, AFFILIATION, AFFINITY

Uses-

  • A good camaraderie among the athletes on and off the field not only makes it fun to play sports but is also likely to make their team win.
  • There should be good camaraderie among the teammates.
  • The loyalty and camaraderie of wartime army.
  • When you have been climbing alone for hours, there is a tremendous sense of camaraderie when you meet another climber.

 

CANDID (Adj.)

Meaning- expressing opinions and feelings in an honest and sincere way.

Mnemonic trick- Prime ministerial candidate should be candid. Therefore, candid means honest and expressing opinions and feelings in an honest and sincere way.

Synonym- FRANK, TRUTHFUL, SINCERE, FORTHRIGHT

Antonym- UNCANDID

Uses-

  • It was a candid admission of guilt.
  • The government has been quite candid on this point.
  • He was one of the most amiable, candid and cultured of man.

 

CANON (Noun)

Meaning- Generally accepted rule, standard or principle by which something is judged.

Mnemonic trick- cannon means a large gun. Follow the canon otherwise, you will be killed using the cannon. Therefore, canon means a generally accepted rule.

Uses-

  • “One catastrophe, one locality, one day”. These are Aristotle’s rules for tragedy and classic French plays strictly follow them. Shakespeare, however, disregards all these canons.
  • A born rebel Mangal Pandey was constitutionally incapable of abiding by the canons of polite society.

                 

CAPITULATE (Verb) AND RECAPITULATE (Verb)

CAPITULATE and RECAPITULATE are entirely different words with different meaning.

CAPITULATE (Verb)

Meaning- Surrender, to agree to do something that you have been refusing to do something for a long time.

Synonym- SURRENDER, ACQUIESCE, NEGOTIATE

Uses-

  • The enemy was warned to capitulate.
  • The club eventually capitulated and now grants equal rights to the woman.

RECAPITULATE (Verb)

Meaning- To give a brief summary of something or to summarize.

Synonym- SUMMARIZE, SUM UP

Uses-

  • It is must to recapitulate the notes for doing revision for examination.
  • The student told the professor that they have got his lecture and there is no need to recapitulate anything.

 

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