Meaning- 1) changing often and quickly; especially often changing suddenly in mood or behavior.
2) not logical or reasonable.
Mnemonic trick- 1) The word capricious comes from word ‘caprice’. ‘Caprice’ means sudden change.
2) The word capricious contains word ‘capri’. Capri-pants are short pants. Capricious word is used for something staying for a short period of time or lasting quickly.
Synonym- UNPREDICTABLE, FICKLE, IMPULSIVE, WHIMSICAL, FREAKISH
- Sheena’ s such a capricious mother that her son does not know how she will react when he tells her that he and his girlfriend are engaged.
- But “there is nothing more capricious than the memory of a child: what it will hold and what it will lose ”.
Meaning- fault finding, tending to express criticism about unimportant things.
Synonym- FAULTFINDING, CARPING, CAVILLING, HYPERCRITICAL, NIT-PICKING
- As a captious person, my uncle always tries to frustrate me with his constant criticism of what I am doing.
- A captious customer always cavils about the price.
- I am not a captious person. I don’ t intend to cavil.
Meaning- Violent killing of a large number of people especially in war.
Mnemonic trick- Word Karan sounds similar to carn. In MAHABHARATA carnage occurred during the reign of Karan. Therefore, carnage means merciless killing of a large number of people.
Synonym- MASSACRE, SLAUGHTER
Explanation-Word slaughter has two meanings: 1) violent killing of large number of people
2) Carnage ( an act of killing an animal for their meat).
- The film depicts the carnage.
- The war between Israel and Palestine was a scene of dreadful carnage.
CASTIGATE (OR LAMBASTE) (Verb)
Meaning- to criticize someone (or something) very harshly.
Synonym- ADMONISH, REPROACH, REPRIMAND
- The coach castigated the team for its poor performance.
- They wrote several letters castigating the new law.
- The president of the company was castigated in the local newspaper and television for millions of dollars while his company went bankrupt.
CATACLYSM (OR CATASTROPHE) (Noun)
Meaning- a sudden disaster or a violent event that causes bad change, for example:- a flood or a war.
Synonym- DELUGE, UPHEAVAL
- A cataclysm such as second world war affects all countries.
- Developing countries can’t survive the cataclysm of war.
- An earthquake can cause a great cataclysm; especially, in a densely populated area.
- The summer cataclysm of hail and heavy rain further caused a cataclysm of flooding in the river bottoms.