CHAPTER 17 on Vocabulary

CLEMENCY (Noun)

Meaning- 1) mercy or kindness shown to somebody when they are being punished.

2) pleasant mildness of weather.

Mnemonic trick- mency in word clemency sounds like mercy. Clemency means mercy or kindness shown to somebody when they are being punished.

Synonym- MERCY, MILDNESS, LENIENCY

Uses-

  • A plea for clemency.
  • Prisoners are to be executed after their pleas for clemency were turned down.
  • The judge chose to show clemency to the truly repentant embezzler.

                

INTELLIGENTSIA (OR CLERISY) (Noun)

Meaning- The most intelligent, intellectual, or highly educated group of a society or community, especially those who guide the political, artistic, or social development of their society.

Mnemonic trick- The word intelligentsia contains word intelligent. Group of intelligent people who guides the political, artistic, or social development of their society.

Uses-

  • The conversation of such a person is apt to be banal, certainly not as interesting as that of an intelligentsia.
  • Some of the countries in middle-east lacked a well-established intelligentsia who could lead their revolution.

 

COAGULATE (OR CONGEAL OR CLOT)

Meaning- To change from liquid to slightly solid state.

Uses-

  • The sauce coagulated as it cooled down.
  • The blood coagulates or clots to stop bleeding.
  • The gravy began to coagulate in the pan.

                             

COALESCE (Verb)

Meaning- Come together, unite; fuse together.

Uses-

  • While at first everyone on the team was jockeying for power and recognition, eventually, the group coalesced and everyone was happy to share credit for a job well-done.
  • East and West Germany coalesced into a single country in 1990.
  • The different colors in Margaret’s artistic painting coalesced very well, blending into each other beautifully.
  • The rebel units coalesced into one army to fight the invaders.

                             

COGENT (Adj.)

Meaning- Describes an argument or reason etc. that is clearly expressed and persuasive.

Mnemonic trick- The word cogent can be memorized by thinking that it is made up of two words ‘company’ and ‘agent’. Agents of the company know cogent methods of convincing us. Therefore, cogent means convincing or persuasive.

Synonym- CONVINCING, PERSUASIVE, SATISFYING

Uses-

  • She put forward some cogent reasons.
  • The spokesperson made his points with cogency and force.
  • There were perfectly cogent reasons.
  • The results of the DNA fingerprinting were the most cogent evidence for acquittal.
  • Both lawyers made cogent arguments in court and it became difficult for judge to take his decision.

 

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