CHAPTER 18

ABHORRENT (Adj.)

Meaning: Causing or deserving strong dislike or hatred

Use: The abhorrent violence at the start of the film was so disgusting and loathsome that the couple got up and walked out.

ABOMINABLE (Adj.)

Meaning: Very bad or unpleasant or deserving to be hatred

Use: Murder is considered to be one of the most abominable crimes committed by anyone.

DESPICABLE (Adj.)

Meaning: Very bad or unpleasant

Use: The soldier was considered by those who knew him to be a despicable traitor.

DETESTABLE (Adj.)

Meaning: Causing or deserving strong dislike

Use: He is a detestable villain.

EGREGIOUS (Adj.)

Meaning: Very bad and easily noticed

Use: The contractor committed an egregious error in the construction of Marian’s house because when it rained, water leaked through the roof into the attic.

EXECRABLE (Adj.)

Meaning: Very bad

Use: Henrietta’s execrable behavior during the party was disgusting; probably, as a result of drinking too much wine.

HORRENDOUS (Adj.)

Meaning: Very bad and unpleasant

Use: The horrendous economic conditions around the world are causing all kinds of demonstrations against governments and businesses.

LOATHSOME (Adj.)

Meaning: Causing feeling of hatred or disgust

Use: We traced the foul smell to a pile of loathsome garbage by the back wall.

OBNOXIOUS (Adj.)

Meaning: Unpleasant in a way that makes people feel offended, annoyed or disgusted

Use: Mary’s obnoxious behavior in the English class could be tolerated no longer; so, she was sent to the principal’s office.

ODIOUS (Adj.)

Meaning: Causing hatred or strong dislike

Use: It was one of the most odious crimes in recent history.

 

 

Explanation: Conflagration (Noun) and Inferno (Noun) deviates slightly. Conflagration (or Inferno) (Noun) means large fire.

HOLOCAUST (Noun)

Meaning: An event or situation in which many people are killed

Use: The eruption of the volcano caused a holocaust of the villages below its slopes.

SLAUGHTER (Noun)

Meaning: The violent killing of a large number of people

Use: I don’ t have moral dilemma ‘ s when it comes to slaughtering animals for food, just so long as it is done humanely.

CARNAGE (Noun)

Meaning: The killing of many people

Use: For this day of carnage and tears there can be no justification or excuse.

BUTCHERY (Noun)

Meaning: The violent and cruel killing of many people

Use: The butchery of civilians during the war.

MASSACRE (Noun)

Meaning: The violent killing of many people

Use: Andrew massacred the German language as he tried to explain what happened.

CONFLAGRATION(Noun)

Meaning: A large destructive fire

Use: After the conflagration of the brush fires, the Smiths found that their cabin in the mountains had been completely destroyed and burned to the ground.

INFERNO (Noun)

Meaning: A very large and dangerous fire

Use: By the time help arrived, the fire had grown to a raging inferno.

 

 

FURTIVE (Adj.)

Meaning: Done in a quiet and secret way to avoid being noticed

Use: Danny was sneaking furtive glances at his watch during the business conference to see how much longer he would have to sit there before he could go home.

STEALTHY (Adj.)

Meaning: Quiet and secret in order to avoid being noticed

Use: The stealthy approach of the cat towards the bird on the window sill was sure to surprise the bird.

SURREPTITIOUS (Adj.)

Meaning: Done in a secret way

Use: Jacob made a surreptitious or a covert glance at a young woman.

CLANDESTINE (Adj.)

Meaning: Done secretly

Use: The spy carried clandestine messages in the rim of his hat and no one suspected what he was doing.

UNDERHAND (Adj.)

Meaning: 1) Acting or done secretly and dishonestly

2) Made with the hand brought forward and upward from below the shoulder

Use: 1) He has a surprisingly good motion, more sidearm than underhand.

2) He thrived with a peculiar underhand delivery, behind which there is another story, perhaps true.

SNEAKY (Adj.)

Meaning: Done in a secret and dishonest manner

Use: It’ s a sneaky way of getting people to buy something they don’ t need.

COVERT (Adj.)

Meaning: Secret or hidden

Use: The covert operation by the army unit was a success; however, only a few people would ever know its significance.

 

 

TRANSPARENT (Adj.)

Meaning: 1) Able to be seen through

2) Easy to notice or understand

Use: The new window in the sunroom was transparent and let all the sunshine in.

OVERT (Adj.)

Meaning: Easily seen

Use: Virgil had an overt dislike for his new supervisor.

BALD (Adj.)

Meaning: 1) Having no hair on the head or not covered with trees

2) Undisguised or palpable

Use: That is a bald falsehood!

PALPABLE (Adj.)

Meaning: Obvious and noticeable

Use: There is a palpable difference in the ages of the two brothers, one who is 10 years old and the other one who is 16.

 

 

EMBEZZLE (Verb)

Meaning: To steal money that you have been

Use: The banker was convicted of embezzling over $100,000 from his bank.

PECULATE (Verb)

Meaning: To steal money that you have been

Use: The president of the country was peculating several million dollars from the country’s treasury so he could have a very fancy house to live in and even have his own private zoo.

DEFALCATE (Verb)

Meaning: To steal money that you have been

Use: The newspaper in Karan’s town revealed how the mayor was defalcating expenses from the city’s resources to build himself a luxurious home.

MALVERSATION (Noun)

Meaning: Misbehavior and especially corruption in an office, trust or commission

 

 

Explanation: Paradise (Noun) means a very beautiful or pleasant place. It has second meaning also. It means a state of complete happiness.

ECSTASY (Noun)

Meaning: A state of very great happiness

Use: His performance sent the audience into ecstasies.

RAPTURE (Noun)

Meaning: A state or feeling of great happiness, pleasure or love

Use: There were raptures of joy when the residents of the community heard that the floods had receded and would not cause any further damage or harm.

EUPHORIA (Noun)

Meaning: A feeling of great happiness and excitement

Use: The relief and euphoria that Sandra felt following her successful operation was noticed by her parents when they came to visit her.

EXHILARATION (Noun)

Meaning: A feeling of great happiness and excitement

Use: I felt a kind of exhilaration when I reached the top of the mountain.

PARADISE (Noun)

Meaning: 1) A very beautiful or pleasant place

2) A state of complete happiness

Use: Their marriage was very happy at first, but now there ‘ s trouble in paradise.

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