CHAPTER 2 on Word Groups


Meaning: Seeming to be seen everywhere

Uses: The ubiquitous spokesperson Dr. Sambhit Patra daily speaks on several different television programs from 5 p.m to 8 p.m.


Meaning: Present in all places at all times

Use: On Christmas Eve, Santa Claus is omnipresent.



Meaning: Diverging or different from each other

Use: Since graduating from an Engineering college, we have taken divergent paths, one going on for M.S and I have joined a consulting firm.


Meaning: Different from each other

Use: Unfortunately, Tony and Tina have disparate notions of marriage: Tony sees it as a carefree extended love affair, while Tina sees it as a solemn commitment to build a family and a home. .


vocabulary word groups


Meaning: Not active but able to become active

Use: The cricket match picked up after a dormant start.


Meaning: Not active or not currently being

Use: Inactive people suffer higher rates of heart disease.


Meaning: Temporary suspended

Use: We have to keep our plan abeyant until we could get a weather forecast.


Meaning: Not active

Use: “The family was quiescent as they watched the interesting film on TV.”


Meaning: Describing something that exists but is not active or cannot be seen.

Use: She is also a very good actress but she hasn’ t had a chance to express her latent talent yet.



Explanation: Languor (Noun) means state of feeling tired and Lazy. Languorous(Adj.) means lazy.


Meaning: Feeling or showing a lack of interest or enthusiasm

Use: My teacher said that I am a lackadaisical pupil because it was a difficult task for me to take interest in mundane studies.


Meaning: Not liking to work or not liking to be active

Use: Naina was annoyingly indolent because he hardly completes her homework and she never cleans her room.


Meaning: Moving slowly or lazily

Use: After two nights without sleep, she felt sluggish and incapable of exertion.


Meaning: Lacking energy or spirit

Use: We had expected her to be full of enthusiasm and were surprised by her listless attitude.


Meaning: Not liking to work or not liking to be active

Use: The heat made us slothful.

IDLE (Adj.)

Meaning: 1) Not working, active or being used

2) Not having much activity

Use: An Idle person is always a burden on any team.


Meaning: Having or showing very little energy or activity

Use: Our team proceeded at a languid pace and it is difficult to complete project on time.


Meaning: Feeling a lack of energy or a lack of interest in doing things

Use: In class, she tried to stay alert and listen to the professor, but the stuffy room made her lethargic.


Meaning: Tired or lacking energy

Use: The drummer’ s languorous playing causing the rest of the band to keep missing the beat.



Meaning: A state of feeling tired and relaxed

Use: They enjoyed the languor brought on by a hot summer afternoon.


Meaning: The condition of being tired or lack of energy

Use: After a massage and a long soak in the hot tub, I gave in to my growing lassitude and lay down for a nap.


Meaning: A lack of energy or a lack of interest in doing things

Use: Symptoms of the disease include loss of appetite and lethargy.


Meaning: A state of not being active and having little energy

Use: Where physical torpor leads, mental weakness is sure to follow.


Meaning: Inclination to laziness

Use: I was planning to start my work but a feeling of indolence usually overtook me and I had not started.


Meaning: State of moving slowly or lazily


Meaning: Inclination to laziness


Meaning: State of not working, active or being used


Meaning: State of having or showing very little energy, strength or activity.


Explanation: Prostrate (Adj.) means tired and lacking energy. It has second meaning also. It also means lying with the front of your body turned toward the ground to show respect.


Meaning: Lacking excitement or interest

Use: Kermit’s lackluster performance on the stage was a disappointment to the audience.


Meaning: 1) Lying with the front of your body turned toward the ground

2) So tired, upset etc.

Use The huge global slowdown prostrated the nation’ s economic engine.

WEARY (Adj.)

Meaning: Lacking strength, energy or freshness

Use: I was weary from weaks of toiling in cottage industry.


Meaning: Having or showing little energy or activity

Use: The illness left her too weak to stand up.

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