CHAPTER 23

CUPIDITY (Noun)

Meaning- A strong desire for money or possessions.

Synonym- ACQUISITIVENESS, AVIDITY, GREED, GRASPINGNESS, AVARICE, COVETOUSNESS, MERCENARINESS, RAPACITY, RAPACIOUSNESS

Uses-

  • The investigation revealed the cupidity of politician.
  • Jake had a cupidity for wealth and powerful influences over other people.

 

CYNICAL (Adj.)

Meaning- 1) Gives reference to those people who are distrustful of human nature and motives or those who believe that people are generally selfish and dishonest.

2) Selfish and dishonest in a way that shows no concern about treating other people fairly.

Mnemonic trick- The word cynical contains word ‘cynic’. ‘cynic’ sounds similar to Hindi word ‘SAINIK’. ‘SAINIK’ or army personnel are always cynical about nature and motives of personnel of opposition army. Therefore, cynical gives reference to those people who are distrustful of human nature and motives or those who believe that people are generally selfish and dishonest.

Synonym- PESSIMISTIC, MISANTHROPIC

Uses-

  • Cynical people say there is no such thing as true love.
  • He started laughing and mocked the old man with cynical derision.
  • For all his talk about the power of positivity, I confess I am cynical about whether things will get better in our lifetime.
  • His limited opportunities add to his bitter, cynical attitude towards

 

CYNOSURE (Noun)

Meaning- 1) A person or thing having a quality of excellence or great beauty which attracts a lot of attention.

2) Someone or something acting as a guide or used for direction.

Mnemonic trick-

Synonym- COMPASS, DIRECTION, POLESTAR

Uses-

  • The famed pianist was the cynosure of the critics for the newspapers.
  • The iceberg was the cynosure for the tourist boat in the Arctic.
  • The cynosure at the intersection of the two roads helped to reassure Mark that he was going in the right direction to the museum.

                  

DILETTANTE (OR DABBLER) (Noun)

Meaning- person whose interest in an art or in an area of knowledge is not very deep or serious

Mnemonic trick- dilettante contains two words ‘dil’ and ‘let’. We are not letting our dil or heart or heart to completely open for something. It means that we are not deeply engaged in or concerned with something. Therefore, dilettante means a person whose interest in an art or in an area of knowledge is not very deep or serious.

Synonym- SUPERFICIAL, AMATEUR

Uses-

  • Michael flit like a butterfly from interest to interest, never concentrating for any length of time on one. He is a true dilettante.
  • AS a Salesman, Erwin was still a dilettante because he was really not interested in that type of work.
  • He is not a struggling artist. Just like a dilettante, he follows the art as a pastime.
  • You can tell the difference between a true expert and a scientist who is just a dilettante.

                  

DAUNT (OR DISMAY OR FAZE) (Verb)

Meaning- to make someone afraid or less confident

Mnemonic trick- Daunt sounds similar to Hindi word ‘Daant’. ‘DAANT KHAANE KE BAAD WE GET FRIGHTENED OR INTIMIDATED’. Therefore, Daunt means to make someone afraid or less confident.

Synonym- FRIGHTEN, INTIMIDATE, DISCOURAGE, DISHEARTEN, APPALL

Uses-

  • She was a brave woman but she felt daunted by the task ahead.
  • Don’ t let the new phase of educational reform daunt you, Tina. We, teachers, have watched this happen before.
  • Next generation of star kids will seldom succeed as actors if they let criticism daunt them.
  • This man’ s behavior is rather daunting.

 

 

 

 

 

                        

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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