CHAPTER 27 on Vocabulary

DERIDE (Adj.)

Meaning- 1) to write or to talk about another person, or something in a very critical or insulting way.

2) to say that someone or something is of no value or is ridiculous.

Mnemonic trick- The word deride can be memorized by thinking that it is made up of two words ‘de’ and ‘ride’. When I ask him for ride by saying ‘de de ride’, he derided me. When a person fell off a ride in an amusement park. He was derided by his friends. Therefore, deride means to write or to talk about another person, or something in a very critical or insulting way.

Synonym- RIDICULE, SCOFF, MOCK, SCORN, TAUNT

Uses-

  • My friends derided my efforts, but were forced to eat their words when we won first place.
  • Deriding other politicians is a contemporary fashion in Indian politics.
  • A newspaper critic derided David’ s book as dull and worthless.
  • His boss derided his ideas as ludicrous.

  

SACRILEGE (OR BLASPHEMY OR DESECRATION OR IRREVERENCE) (Noun)

Meaning- The act of treating a holy thing or place without respect.

Synonym- IMPIETY, DEFILEMENT

Uses-

  • Hindu consider it sacrilege to wear shoes inside a temple.
  • They accused him of committing a sacrilege.
  • In 2010, Advertisement agency, produced images of Prophet Mohammad in an episode that featured the Prophet as a bear mascot. Angered by the blasphemy, one Islamic website threatened the producer for what they deemed as a high level of disrespect for the Prophet.

                          

DESICCATE (Verb)

Meaning- 1) to dry up.

2) to preserve (something such as food) by removing the moisture.

3) to drain the power or ability of something to continue to live, be successful etc.

Mnemonic trick- The word desiccate can be memorized by thinking that it is made up of two words ‘des’ and ‘cat’. ‘DESERT KI CAT’ died because of scarcity of water or because of desiccation. Therefore, desiccate means to dry up.

Synonym- PARCH, SHRIVEL, DEHYDRATE, WITHER, EXSICCATE

Uses-

  • The surgeon thoroughly desiccated the tissue with a needle electrode.
  • While making sweets for the party, Elizabeth used a cup of desiccated coconuts.
  • This movie revolves around the married life and desiccated romance after marriage.
  • Historian’ s prose desiccates what is actually an exciting period in European history.
  • Desiccated land or drought is a result of environmental degradation.

 

DESPONDENT (OR DEJECTED OR DISCONSOLATE) (Adj.)

Meaning- very sad and without hope because of loss, failure etc.

Synonym- DEPRESSED, MELANCHOLIC, GLOOMY

Uses-

  • Karan was very despondent about losing his job after fifteen years of work in the company; however, the business was having economic problems and laying off many of its employees.
  • He became despondent after working very hard and failing to achieve desired results.
  • She looked despondent when she was told that she had n’ t got the job.

 

DESPOT (OR TYRANT) (Noun)

Meaning- a person especially a ruler who has unlimited power over other people and often uses it unfairly and cruelly.

Synonym- DICTATOR

Uses-

  • The king was regarded as having been an enlightened despot.
  • Persians installed despots to rule their Greek subjects, but such rulers were unpopular.
  • There are some despots, even in these modern times, who are ruling their people in cruel and inhumane ways.
  • My uncle was a good football coach; however, a lot of people considered him to be a despot because he was always dictating what the players had to do during the games.

 

DESTITUTE (OR IMPECUNIOUS OR PENURIOUS OR INDIGENT OR PENNILESS) (Adj.)

Meaning- very poor or having little or no money.

Synonym- PAUPERIZED

Antonym- AFFLUENT, PLUSH, PROSPEROUS, OPULENT

Explanation- Destitute, impecunious, penurious, indigent and penniless means poor. Impoverish has two meanings. It means to make someone poor or to deplete the quality or richness of something. For example –

  • poor farming practices impoverished the soil.
  • Dictators enriched themselves but impoverished the public.

Uses of Destitute-

  • He got fired from the job and now he is destitute.
  • Many families were left destitute by the second world war.

 

DESULTORY (Adj.)

Meaning- not having a plan or purpose or done without making a serious effort.

Mnemonic trick- The word desultory contains word desult. Desult sounds similar to result. Something done without aiming to produce a good result is desultory. Therefore, desultory means something done just perfunctorily without making a serious effort or without aiming to produce a good result.

Synonym- AIMLESS, UNFOCUSSED, HAPHAZARD

Uses-

  • We usually make a desultory search on the internet for entertainment.
  • Michael was searching for something of interest on television desultorily.
  • Your essay seems desultory and unclear. You should write to the point.
  • She made a desultory attempt at conversation.

 

1  ……………………………………………………………………………. 26 27 28 ……………………….. 30

 

 

 

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