CHAPTER 28 on Word Groups


Meaning: 1) Having more than one possible meaning

2) Not expressed or understood clearly

Use: Mary gave her parents an ambiguous answer instead of a clear explanation as to why she came home so late.


Meaning: 1) Having more than one possible meaning

2) Not expressed or understood clearly

Use: Bob’s mother gave him an equivocal, or ambiguous, answer to his question about having another piece of cake; so, he decided for himself and took one more piece!


Meaning: Having uncertainty or having contradictory attitude and feelings

Use: Mike has ambivalent feelings as to whether his new car is worth so much money.


Meaning: Avoiding the truth by not directly answering a question

Use: The local officials prevaricated about the real costs of the new city hall.


Explanation: Chauvinism (Noun) means super patriotism. It has second meaning also. It means an attitude that member of your sex is always better than other sex.


Meaning: 1) an attitude that member of your sex is always better than other sex.

2) The belief that your country, race etc. is better than any other

Use: The senator’s chauvinism make him intolerant of the needs of other countries.


Meaning: Excessive nationalism

Use: How would he differentiate between patriotism and jingoism; internationalism and xenophobia?


Explanation: Bankrupt (Noun) and Insolvent (Adj.) deviates slightly. Bankrupt (Noun) and Insolvent (Adj.) means not having money to pay your debt.


Meaning: Extremely poor

Use: Although Jasper and Abbey are poor and destitute men, they don’t ask other people for financial help.


Meaning: Having little or no money

Use: Isaac and his family were existing in such impecunious conditions that they had to live in a tent near the forest because he could not afford to rent a house.


Meaning: Very poor

Use: The company’ s penurious management could not be convinced of the need to earmark more money for research and development.


Meaning: Having no money or very poor

Use: She was unemployed and penniless.


Meaning: Poor or worst in quality

Use: The widespread hope that the lottery’ s record-setting jackpot is won by an impoverished family.


Meaning: Lacking money or very poor

Use: Every society must make some provisions for the indigent.


Meaning: A person, business etc. that is unable to pay debts

Use: Jim’s father became bankrupt and the family had to sell their house so they could pay the unpaid dept.


Meaning: Unable to pay debts

Use: The lawsuit could leave them bankrupt.


Meaning: Not having enough money to pay debts

Use: The man was humiliated by having to admit to being insolvent when speaking with his creditors.



Explanation: Plush (Noun) means a thick, soft fabric. Plush (Adj.) means expensively luxurious.


Meaning: Having a large amount of money and owing many expensive things

Use: Monroe was described as an affluent man who had plenty of money, property, and possessions to take care of his desires.

PLUSH (Noun)

Meaning: A thick soft fabric

PLUSH (Adj.)

Meaning: Expensively luxurious

Use: The hotel accommodations were plush.


Meaning: Having success usually by making a lot of money

Use: The company had a prosperous year.


Meaning: Very wealthy

Use: An opulent mansion filled with priceless art and antiques.




Meaning: Very appropriate

Use: Those red flowers are the most apposite flowers for the table setting that Linda could think of.


Meaning: Relating to things that is being thought about or discussed

Use: The lawyer wanted to know all the pertinent details.


Meaning: Relating to a subject in an appropriate way

Use: Professor Crout delivered his remarks, which were certainly germane to the subject.


Meaning: Suitable or appropriate

Use: Mr. Allen read an apropos passage to his class from the author’s new book.


Meaning: With reference to

Use: Makes a number of telling observations apropos the current political situation.


Explanation: Wax (Noun) means solid substance used for making a candle. Wax (Verb) means to apply wax to something. Wax (Verb) also means to increase in size, number or strength.


Meaning: To increase in value or amount gradually as time passes

Use: She was happy to see interest accruing in her savings account.


Meaning: To increase or enhance the power or status

Use: Being elected to the highest office of the land certainly aggrandized the sense of importance for Frank’s uncle.


Meaning: To increase the size or amount of (something)

Use: George will augment his income by working at the local bar at night.


Meaning: Swell or increase

Use: The monthly report indicated that Dick’s credit card debt would balloon at least three times more than normal and, in addition, there would be the ballooning costs of a college education to consider.


Meaning: A thin usually rubber bag that becomes larger when it is filled with air or gas

Use: We decided to take a ride in a balloon to see the countryside from a different perspective.


Meaning: To become larger or wider

Use: Laughter appears to cause the tissue that forms the inner lining of blood vessels, the endothelium, to dilate or expand in order to increase blood flow.


Meaning: To increase in number or amount quickly

Use: There, non-governmental groups are proliferating as poverty increases and trade liberalization undermines local economies.

WAX (Noun)

Meaning: solid substance used for making candle

Use: The doctor used a water flush to get rid of the accumulated ear wax in his patient’s ear.

WAX (Verb)

Meaning: 1) means to apply wax to something.

2) to increase in size, number or strength.

Use: The people’s interest in the economic news seems to wax and to wane, depending on what the other news is.


Explanation: Slack(Verb) means to be careless and it also means to lessen. Slack (Adj.) means careless and it also means not stretched or held in a tight position.

ABATE (Verb)

Meaning: To become weaker or to decrease in strength

Use: It is hoped that the wind will abate after the storm.


Meaning: To make (something) weaker or less in amount, effect or force.

Use: Earplugs will attenuate the loud sounds of the machinery.

EBB (Noun)

Meaning: 1) The time when the tide flows out from the land

2) A low point or condition

Use: A surprising ebb in the quality of workmanship in goods coming from that country.

EBB (Verb)

Meaning: 1) (Of a tide) to flow outward from the land

2) To flow from higher to lower level or to get worse

Use: Waiting for the tide to ebb.


Meaning: 1) To become less strong or intense

2) To move down to a lower level

Use: After a few hours, the strength of the hurricane seemed to subside and was not as strong as it was earlier.


Meaning: 1) To become slower or less active.

2) To become less tight or to make something less tight.

Use: As they passed the finish line, the runners slackened their pace.

SLACK (Verb)

Meaning: 1) To be careless

2) To lessen

Use: They need to stop slacking and get down to work.

SLACK (Adj.)

Meaning: 1) Careless

2) Not stretched or held in tight position.

Use: 1) I held the slack rope taut in various positions and Jim measured and recorded the segments’ lengths.

2) If the business is slack, plans for a new van are postponed.

WANE (Verb)

Meaning: To decrease in size, amount or quality.

Use: People’s interest in using oil for heating homes waned when the price of gas became much less expensive.


Attempt Sentence Equivalence Test 10

Based on words covered in Chapter 26, Chapter 27, Chapter 28.

Number of questions: 11

Time limit: 15 min.



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