CHAPTER 29

DISABUSE (Verb)

Meaning- Free someone from a mistake in thinking.

Uses-

  • Do you really believe that toilets flush one way in the Northern hemisphere and another way in the Southern hemisphere? Any physicist would be happy to disabuse you of that silly notion.

 

DISCERN (Verb)

Meaning-  1) to see, recognize or understand something that is not clear.

2) to see or understand the difference.

Mnemonic trick- The word discern contains word ‘ern’. ‘ern’ sounds similar to earn. We normally try to discern how much our competitors earn. Therefore, discern means to see, recognize or understand something that is not clear.

Synonym- PERCEIVE, DISTINGUISH, OBSERVE

Uses-

  • The reason behind this sudden change is difficult to discern.
  • I was barely able to discern anything in the darkness.

         

EMANCIPATE (OR DISENTHRALL) (Verb)

Meaning- to free somebody especially from legal, political or social restrictions.

Synonym- FREE, LIBERATE, MANUMIT

Uses-

  • Slaves were not emancipated until 1863 in the United States.
  • The women’ s liberation movement would like to emancipate women from being restricted to their homes.
  • Mildred was quite smart and received her high school diploma while she was just 15, enabling her to start her university education in another city and being independent; therefore, being emancipated from control by her mother and father.

 

DISJOINT (Verb)

Meaning- 1) to separate something at the joints.

2) to force or to move something out of its usual position, or be moved out of the usual position.

3) to destroy the unity or coherence of something.

Synonym- DECOUPLE, DISJOINT, DISUNITE, SEPARATE

Uses-

  • He is disjointing himself from the organization because he realizes his organization id advocating illegal practices.
  • The author deliberately disjoints his narrative in favor of a more impressionistic account of the war.

                              

DISPARATE (Adj.)

Meaning- Different from each other.

Mnemonic trick- The word disparate contains word ‘sparate’. ‘Sparate’ sounds similar to separate. If we combine separated things, then we get a disparate combination of things. Therefore, disparate means different from each other.

Synonym- HETEROGENEOUS, DISSIMILAR, INCONGRUENT, CONTRASTING, DISTINCT

Uses-

  • This wine has more disparate flavor than that one.
  • When I discussed the cashless economy with my relatives, I got disparate ideas from adults and children.
  • The school was composed of students from disparate cultures.
  • Even though the boys were twins, their personalities were disparate.

 

 

 

 

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