CHAPTER 31 on Word Groups


Meaning: Imaginable or possible

Use: They discussed the problem from every conceivable angle.


Meaning: Able to be believed

Use: During the trial, Eloise was presented as a credible witness for the defense.


Meaning: Possible to do

Use: Edda asked, “Craig, is it feasible to buy that house when your income is so small?”


Meaning: Possibly true or believable or realistic

Use: Tony had to think of a plausible explanation for being late for class.


Meaning: Dealing with things in a practical and sensible way

Use: The teacher’s pragmatic view of education came from years of working in public schools.




Meaning: To express support for (a cause, belief etc.)

Use: The country’s president was espousing a less expensive financial budget for the coming year.


Meaning: 1) To say or declare something openly.

2) To believe in particular religion.

Use: They profess loyalty to the king.


Meaning: A person who argues for or support a cause or policy

Use: Shirley has been a supporter, a defender, and an advocate of civil rights for many years and her husband has also been a tireless advocate of social reform.


Meaning: To support or argue for (a cause, policy etc.)

Use: He advocates traditional teaching methods.




Meaning: Liking to talk and talking smoothly and easily

Use:  Sally’s friend was a very loquacious girl, and loved talking to her friend, whose ear, with the receiver of the phone pressed against it, started hurting so much that she had to suddenly end the call!


Meaning: Very talkative

Use: Marge is so garrulous that Jim can’t get a word in edgewise in order to respond to her views about religion.


Meaning: Talking a lot in an energetic and rapid way

Use: Joe was a voluble speaker.




Meaning: Using too many words

Use: “The speech was unnecessarily prolix and he also had a tendency to be a prolix writer.”


Meaning: Using more words than are needed

Use: We had to make some major cuts in prime minister’ s speech because it was far too verbose.


Meaning: Excessively long speech or writing

Use: The editor removed some of the excess verbiages from the article.




Meaning: Inexperienced and immature

Use: As a freshman, Jack was sure he was a man of the world; as a sophomore, he made fun of freshmen as callow youths. In both cases, his judgment showed just how callow he was.


Meaning: Childishly silly

Use: His puerile pranks sometimes offended his more mature friends.




Meaning: A person who has just started a job or activity and has little experience

Use: An experienced policeman whose partner is a rookie.


Meaning: A person who has just started learning or doing something

Use: Luis is a novice in the blacksmith’s trade.


Meaning: A person who has just started learning or doing something

Use:  Greg, the neophyte, learned the required church procedures very quickly.

NAÏVE (Noun)

Meaning: Having or showing a lack of experience or knowledge

Use: Bonita’s big eyes and naive questions made everyone feel protective of her.


Meaning: A person who is not skillful at a job or other activity

Use: An amateur is not allowed to play in most professional golf tournaments.


Meaning: A person who takes part in an activity that is not serious

Use: He was a dabbler, learning the basics of any arts but mastering none.


Meaning: A person whose interest in an art or in an area of knowledge is not very deep or serious

Use: Murray realized that he was still a dilettante and not a qualified professional cartoonist.


Meaning: 1) A young bird that has just become able to fly.

2) Someone or something that is getting started in a new activity

Use: At hockey, he is still a fledgling and needs to work on his basic skating skills.


Meaning: A person who lacks experience and knowledge

Use: He is not the suavest businessman you will ever meet, but he is no greenhorn.

TYRO (Noun)

Meaning: A beginner or inexperienced

Use: Doug, the old pro, gave the tyro some tips on how to do the job more efficiently.


Attempt Sentence Equivalence Test 11

Based on words covered in Chapter 29, Chapter 30, Chapter 31.

Number of questions: 13

Time limit: 20 min.



1….. 30 31 32 …………………………………………………………44


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