CHAPTER 33

Explanation: Obscene (Adj.) means related to sex in an indecent or offensive way. It has second meaning also. It means too offensive or too large an amount as to be very shocking or unfair. Ribald (Adj.) means referring to sex in a rude way. Ribald (Noun) means a ribald person.

OBSCENE (Adj.)

Meaning: 1) related to sex in an indecent or offensive way

2) too offensive or too large an amount as to be very shocking or unfair

Use: “Pornographic pictures are considered obscene by many people.”

RIBALD (Adj.)

Meaning: referring to sex in a rude way

Use: Victor’s ribald or indecent jokes were not acceptable by most of the people who were at the party.

RIBALD (Noun)

Meaning: a ribald person

 

Explanation:  Mercenary (Noun) means professional soldier hired by foreign army. Mercenary (Adj.) means caring only about making money. Avid (Adj.) means wanting something very much and showing willingness and enthusiasm to work hard. Satiate (Verb) means to satisfy (a need, desire etc.) fully. Quench (Verb) means to satisfy thirst or to extinguish the fire. It also means to satisfy the desire of someone. Insatiable (Adj.) and Quenchless (Adj.) means always wanting more.

AVARICIOUS (Adj.)

Meaning: Having a strong desire to own or acquire more things

Use: The avaricious nature of the miser was revealed when someone saw him counting his large amount of money.

ACQUISITIVE (Adj.)

Meaning: Having a strong desire to own or acquire more things

Use: Although Sam cared for Holly, he was afraid to marry her because of her acquisitive behavior.

COVETOUS (Adj.)

Meaning: Having a strong desire for something especially for something belonging to someone else

Use: When Bernard drove his expensive car into his driveway, he noticed that his neighbors were giving him covetous looks.

GRASPING (Adj.)

Meaning: Wanting money and possessions too much

Use: Her grasping children fought over her property when she died.

MERCENARY (Adj.)

Meaning: caring only about making money

Use: In his writing on India, Marx shows himself under no illusions concerning the brutal and mercenary nature of British rule.

MERCENARY (Noun)

Meaning: professional soldier hired by foreign army

Use: Separatist leaders in Kashmir are nothing but mercenaries paid by the notorious Pakistani army.

RAPACIOUS (Adj.)

Meaning: Always wanting more money, possessions etc.

Use: During the riots, rapacious looters stole merchandise stores by breaking their windows and doors.

RAVENOUS (Adj.)

Meaning: Very eager or greedy for food, satisfaction etc.

Use:ravenous person feels as if he or she hasn’t eaten for days.

VORACIOUS (Adj.)

Meaning: 1) Having or showing a tendency to eat very large amount of food.

2) Having a huge appetite

Use: My son has such a voracious appetite that I have to go grocery shopping every day!

GLUTTONOUS (Adj.)

Meaning: Greedy for something

Use: Joseph was accused of being more gluttonous than his brothers because he was always taking much more on his plate than they did.

INSATIABLE (Adj.)

Meaning: Always wanting more or not able to be satisfied

Use: Monroe has an insatiable desire to get over the pains that he has been suffering since his accident.

UNQUENCHABLE (Adj.)

Meaning: Not able to be satisfied

Use: An unquenchable need for the approval of others.

AVID (Adj.)

Meaning: 1) Very interested and enthusiastic about something.

2) Desirous to the point of greed

Use: Cherie’s mother was an avid football fan.

 

Explanation:  Ravenous (Adj.), Voracious (Adj.) and Gluttonous (Adj.) mean greedy or hungry. Therefore, these words have been covered in series for eating a lot.

RAVENOUS (Adj.)

Meaning: Very eager or greedy for food, satisfaction etc.

Use:ravenous person feels as if he or she hasn’t eaten for days.

VORACIOUS (Adj.)

Meaning: 1) Having or showing a tendency to eat the very large amount of food.

2) Having a huge appetite

Use: My son has such a voracious appetite that I have to go grocery shopping every day!

GLUTTONOUS (Adj.)

Meaning: Greedy for something

Use: Joseph was accused of being more gluttonous than his brothers because he was always taking much more on his plate than they did.

EDACIOUS (Adj.)

Meaning: 1) Having or showing a tendency to eat a very large amount of food.

2) Having a huge appetite

Use: Ed had an edacious appetite and people thought he was piggish because he ate so much whenever he was eating.

ESURIENT (Adj.)

Meaning: Hungry or greedy

Use: When the esurient customer went to the restaurant, he ordered three large triple-deck cheeseburgers with French fries, and other ingredients; plus two milk shakes for his lunch.

 

Explanation:  Mammoth (Noun) means a large elephant that lived in ancient times. Mammoth (Adj.) means something very large. Prodigious (Adj.) means impressively large. It has second meaning also.

It gives reference to a young man who is unusually talented in some way. Monolithic (Adj.) means huge or massive. It has second meaning also. It also means constituting or consisting of single piece. Whopper (Noun) means something that is very large and impressive. It has second meaning also. It means blatant lie. Whopping (Adj.) means very large and impressive. There is a pair of confusing words also. Whoop (Verb) means to shout loudly. Whooping (Adj.) means overly noisy and harsh.

COLOSSAL (Adj.)

Meaning: Very large or great

Use: The colossal force of last night’s thunderstorm knocked out the electrical power system in Ava’s area for over an hour.

GARGANTUAN (Adj.)

Meaning: Very large in size or amount

Use: Jack and Jill bought a gargantuan house with the money they inherited from her parents which consisted of at least twenty-five rooms.

GIGANTIC (Adj.)

Meaning: Extremely large

Use: A monkey got into the trash and now there is a gigantic mess in our backyard.

HUMONGOUS (Adj.)

Meaning: Very large

Use: I am sleepy because I ate a humongous lunch.

MAMMOTH (Noun)

Meaning: a large elephant that lived in ancient time

MAMMOTH (Adj.)

Meaning: Something very large

Use: To try to memorize every word on this vocabulary list would be a mammoth undertaking; take on projects that are more manageable in size.

PRODIGIOUS (Adj.)

Meaning: 1) Impressively large.

2) Gives reference to a young person who is unusually talented in some way.

Use: Shirley had a prodigious, or a remarkable talent, as a writer.

MONOLITHIC (Adj.)

Meaning: 1) Huge or massive

2) constituting or consisting of single piece.

Use: This section was conceived as having been carved out of a single monolithic block.

MONUMENTAL (Adj.)

Meaning: 1) Very important or great

2) Of or relating to a monument

Use: Repairing the damage done to the homes caused by the gigantic hurricane will be a monumental task.

TITANIC (Adj.)

Meaning: Very great in size, force or power

Use: There was a titanic explosion in the sauna of a local fitness studio that almost completely destroyed the building.

TOWERING (Adj.)

Meaning: 1) Very tall

2) Very powerful or intense

Use: He flew into a towering rage.

VOLUMINOUS (Adj.)

Meaning: 1) Very large or containing a lot of space.

2) (of clothing) loose and full

Use: It is now a popular music venue, with its voluminous space providing a very different atmosphere for music lovers.

HEFTY (Adj.)

Meaning: Large and heavy

Use: The gym trainer was the heftiest person Ingrid had ever seen.

WALLOPING (Adj.)

Meaning: Very large and impressive

Use: He needed help to mount such a walloping horse.

BEHEMOTH (Noun)

Meaning: Something very big and powerful

Use:  Gerald was such a physical behemoth that he usually wrestled with at least three other opponents at the same time during TV shows, instead of just one, and they were never able to pin him down.

LEVIATHAN (Noun)

Meaning: Something that is very large and powerful

Use: The factory is a towering leviathan in the middle of the town.

WHOPPER (Noun)

Meaning: 1) something that is very large and impressive

2) A blatant lie

Use: He told us a real whopper.

WHOPPING (Adj.)

Meaning: very large and impressive

Use: This movie was a whopping success.

 

CHICANERY (Noun)

Meaning: Use of tricks to deceive or cheat someone

Use: The bank president used an advanced form of chicanery to hide his criminal activities.

TRICKERY (Noun)

Meaning: Use of tricks to deceive or cheat someone

Use: He resorted to trickery to get what he wanted.

DECEPTION (Noun)

Meaning: The act of deceiving

Use: She accuses the company of willful deception in its advertising.

SUBTERFUGE (Noun)

Meaning: Use of tricks to deceive or cheat someone

Use: Johnson’ s plays challenged the audience to examine the impact of a society governed by deceit and subterfuge.

ARTIFICE (Noun)

Meaning: Use of tricks to deceive or cheat someone

Use: The artifice used by the salesman was intended to trick and to ensnare other people into buying his products.

GUILE (Noun)

Meaning: Clever but deceitful behavior

Use: That salesman is full of guile, so be careful that he doesn’t cheat you.

SKULLDUGGERY (Noun)

Meaning: Dishonest behavior

Use: It sounds dull but it is this sort of underhand skullduggery that bloggers should be uncovering.

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