CHAPTER 35 on Word Groups

Explanation:  Surmise (Or conjecture) (Noun) means thought, idea or opinion. Surmise (Or conjecture) (Verb), Deduce (Verb), Extrapolate (Verb) and Reckon (Verb) means to guess, infer or to form an opinion.

SURMISE (Verb)

Meaning: to guess, infer or to form an opinion.

Use: Greg stated, “Do not surmise that Walter can swim just because he likes to exercise in the swimming pool.”

SURMISE (Noun)

Meaning: Thought, idea or opinion

Use: All these observations remain to surmise.

CONJECTURE (Verb)

Meaning: to guess, infer or to form an opinion.

Use: He conjectured the existence of an otherwise unknown feature.

CONJECTURE (Noun)

Meaning: Thought, idea or opinion

Use: The book Mary was reading regarding the old house next door was only conjecture, and it didn’t pertain to facts of any kind since there was no reliable knowledge or data about it at all.

DEDUCE (Verb)

Meaning: to guess, infer or to form an opinion

Use: Based on the forensic evidence, the police officer was able to deduce that the criminal was a man.

EXTRAPOLATE (Verb)

Meaning: to guess, infer or to form an opinion

Use: Rex is still extrapolating to see if he qualifies for the job he hopes to have in the coming days.

RECKON (Verb)

Meaning: to guess, infer or to form an opinion

Use: Jewell’s wages were reckoned by the number of hours that she worked.

 

 

 

 

PUTATIVE (Adj.)

Meaning: Generally believed to be something

Use: “He was considered to be the putative father of the child.”

CONJECTURAL (Adj.)

Meaning: Based on idea or guess

Use: A necessarily conjectural account of Shakespeare’ s life, since there is so little hard information.

HYPOTHETICAL (Adj.)

Meaning: Involving or based on a suggested idea or theory

Use: Suppose you are accepted by Harvard, Stanford, and Yale. Which graduate school will you choose to attend? Remember, this is only a hypothetical situation.

SPECULATIVE (Adj.)

Meaning: Based on guesses or ideas about might be true

Use: His conclusions are highly speculative.

 

Explanation:  Slight (Adj.), Minuscule (Adj.), Infinitesimal (Adj.) and Diminutive (Adj.) means very small. Slight (Verb) means to insult someone. Slight (Noun) means an act of insulting someone. Diminutive (Noun) means shortened informal form of a name.

SLIGHT (Adj.)

Meaning: Very small in degree or amount

Use: “They had a slight acquaintance and so they could not say that they were friends.”

SLIGHT (Verb)

Meaning: To insult someone

Use: She slighted a guest.

SLIGHT (Noun)

Meaning: Act of insulting

Use: Refused to respond to their petty slights.

MINUSCULE (Adj.)

Meaning: Very small

Use: Why should I involve myself in a project with so minuscule a chance for success?

INFINITESIMAL (Adj.)

Meaning: Very small

Use: “Even though the infinitesimal speck Marie had in her eye was quickly removed, it had been feeling like a boulder because it was so painful.”

DIMINUTIVE (Adj.)

Meaning: Very small

Use: The diminutive suffixes “-Ette” and “-ling.”

DIMINUTIVE (Noun)

Meaning: shortened informal form of a name

 

 

Explanation:  Coerce (Verb), Compel (Verb), Goad (Verb) and Dragoon (Verb) means to force someone to do something. Goad (Noun) means someone or something that urges or forces someone to do something. Dragoon (Noun) means a member of a certain British regiment.

Extort (Verb) deviates slightly. Extort (verb) means to get something by using force.

COERCE (Verb)

Meaning: to force someone to do something

Use: Thomas, who was quite lazy at home and had nothing really to do, was coerced into getting a job by his wife.

COMPEL (Verb)

Meaning: to force someone to do something

Use:  The court sent a notice that would compel a woman to appear as a witness during the trial.

GOAD (Verb)

Meaning: to force someone to do something

Use: Andre was goaded on to complete his military assignment as a sense of duty.

GOAD (Noun)

Meaning: someone or something that urges or forces someone to do something

Use: The threat of some kind of legal action is a strong goad for companies to follow government regulations.

DRAGOON (Verb)

Meaning: to force someone to do something

Use: She was dragooned into agreeing to the fraudulent scheme.

DRAGOON (Noun)

Meaning: member of certain British regiment

EXTORT (Verb)

Meaning: to get something by using force

Use: The courts realized that the gangster had tried to extort money from the business owners.

 

 

Explanation:  Deport (Verb) deviates slightly. Deport (Verb) means to expel a foreigner from a country. Extradite (Verb) means to legally send a person (Who has been accused of a crime) to another state or country.

Exile (Noun) means a situation in which you are forced to leave your country or home. It also means a person who has been forced to live in a foreign country.

BANISH (Verb)

Meaning: To force someone to leave a country

Use: The illegal aliens were banished back to their country.

EXILE (Verb)

Meaning: To force someone to leave a country

Use: Bohemian artist M F Hussain was exiled from our country.

EXILE (Noun)

Meaning: 1) a situation in which you are forced to leave your country or home

2) a person who has been forced to live in a foreign country.

Use: They hoped that his exile would be temporary.

DEPORT (Verb)

Meaning: to expel a foreigner from a country

Use: The court order sought to deport the mother even though her children, Jan and Jake, were born in the country where she had been living for the last ten years.

EXPATRIATE (Verb)

Meaning: To force someone to leave a country

Use: When Janet left her home in California and moved to Germany for good, she became an expatriate.

EXTRADITE (Verb)

Meaning: to legally send a person (Who has been accused of a crime) to another state or country

Use: Indian government is diplomatically trying to expedite the extradition process of Vijay Mallya.

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