CHAPTER 37

Explanation:  Founder (Noun) means one who founds something. Founder (Verb) means to start experiencing failure or (of a boat or ship) to sink.

FALTER (Verb)

Meaning: 1) To stop being strong or successful.

2) To move or speak hesitantly.

Use: Jones was weak from hunger and his footsteps were faltering as he walked home.

FOUNDER (Verb)

Meaning: To start experiencing failure or (of a boat or ship) to sink.

Use: After hitting the submerged iceberg, the Titanic started taking in water rapidly and soon foundered.

FOUNDER (Noun)

Meaning: One who founds something

Use: As the son of the company’s founder, he is expected to become the CEO one of these days.

 

 

Explanation:  Totter (Verb), Stagger (Verb), Wobble (Verb) and Stumble (Verb) means to walk unsteadily or to be hesitant or unsure about doing something. Totter (Noun), Stagger (Noun), Wobble (Noun) and Stumble (Noun) means an act of walking unsteadily or act of hesitating. Stagger (Verb) has second meaning also. Stagger (Verb) also means to confuse someone.

TOTTER (Verb)

Meaning: to walk unsteadily or to be hesitant or unsure about doing something

Use: On unsteady feet, the drunk tottered down the hill to the nearest bar.

STAGGER (Verb)

Meaning: 1) to walk unsteadily or to be hesitant or unsure about doing something

2) to confuse someone

Use: “After he sprained his ankle, he was barely able to stagger back to the bench in the park.”

STAGGER (Noun)

Meaning: act of walking unsteadily or act of hesitating

Use: He walked with a slight stagger.

WOBBLE (Verb)

Meaning: to walk unsteadily or to be hesitant or unsure about doing something

Use: The boy was wobbling along on his bicycle.

WOBBLE (Noun)

Meaning: act of walking unsteadily or act of hesitating

Use: He parodied my wobble across the stage.

STUMBLE (Verb)

Meaning: to walk unsteadily or to be hesitant or unsure about doing something

Use: “It is difficult to walk on the brick street and Kathryn is afraid that she is going to stumble.”

STUMBLE (Noun)

Meaning: act of walking unsteadily or act of hesitating

Use: “Because the horse cast a shoe, its walk was more like a stumble.”

 

 

Explanation:  Shiver (Verb), Tremble (Verb), Quiver (Verb), Shudder (Verb) and Judder (Verb) means to shake because of fear or nervousness. Shiver (Noun), Tremble (Noun), Quiver (Noun), Shudder (Noun) and Judder (Noun) means an act of shaking.

SHIVER (Verb)

Meaning: to shake because of fear or nervousness

Use: He was shivering in the snow.

SHIVER (Noun)

Meaning: act of shaking

Use: Meredith felt a shiver of fear.

TREMBLE (Verb)

Meaning: to shake because of fear or nervousness

Use: “They felt the house tremble as the train roared by.”

TREMBLE (Noun)

Meaning: act of shaking

Use: With a tremble, she ventured out into the snow.

QUIVER (Verb)

Meaning: to shake because of fear or nervousness

Use: The leaves on the trees started to quiver when the breeze passed through the garden.

QUIVER (Noun)

Meaning: act of shaking

Use: The artist used the quill from the porcupine to decorate the quiver for the arrows which the hunter would use.

SHUDDER (Verb)

Meaning: to shake because of fear or nervousness

Use: “It was so cold that she started to shudder and could not stop until she went inside to get warm.”

SHUDDER (Noun)

Meaning: act of shaking

Use: “The man felt a shudder go up to his spine when he thought of what could have happened if he had missed his plane.”

JUDDER (Verb)

Meaning: to shake because of fear or nervousness

Use: The engine began to judder alarmingly just a few miles outside of Brighton.

JUDDER (Noun)

Meaning: act of shaking

Use: He had noticed her shaking and the slight judder in her voice as she finished her story.

 

 

Explanation:  Mercurial (Noun) means something related to mercury.

CAPRICIOUS (Adj.)

Meaning: Changing often and quickly

Use: Shirley’s such a capricious mother that her son doesn’t know how she’ll react when he tells her that he and his girlfriend are engaged.

WHIMSICAL (Adj.)

Meaning: Not serious or showing sudden changes in mood

Use: Many of the pieces have come from his own personal collection- which reveals his witty and whimsical sense of humor.

FREAKISH (Adj.)

Meaning: Very strange or abnormal

Use: I had a freakish roommate in college who once decided to drive all the way to Canada on the spur of the movement.

FICKLE (Adj.)

Meaning: Changing often

Use: Leo’s fickle behavior is a disturbing point for his fiancée’s father.

MERCURIAL (Adj.)

Meaning: Changing moods quickly and often

Use: ‘You have the most mercurial personality I have ever met,’ he stated.

MERCURIAL (Noun)

Meaning: Related to mercury or chemical-containing mercury

IMPULSIVE (Adj.)

Meaning: Done suddenly and without planning

Use: She’ s impulsive and often does things that she later regrets.

IRRESOLUTE (Adj.)

Meaning: Not certain or resolute about what to do

Use: Once you have made your decision, don’ t waver, a leader should never appear irresolute.

VACILLATING (Adj.)

Meaning: To repeatedly change your opinions or desires.

Use: Yesterday Hank seemed to be so sure about where he would be going this weekend, but today he is vacillating as to whether he will visit his mother or go to the football game.

 

 

ERRATIC (Adj.)

Meaning: Acting, moving or changing in ways that are not expected or usual

Use: Tracking the flight of the butterfly indicated its flight was most erratic.

ARBITRARY (Adj.)

Meaning: Not seeming to be based on a reason or plan

Use:  The supervisor made an unplanned and arbitrary decision to cancel the meeting this afternoon.

INCONSISTENT (Adj.)

Meaning: Not continuing to happen or develop in the same way

Use: The pain has been inconsistent.

DESULTORY (Adj.)

Meaning: Not having a plan or purpose

Use: Mildred was talking in a desultory sequence by jumping from one idea to another one in an illogical way.

HAPHAZARD (Adj.)

Meaning: Having no plan, order or direction

Use: Something that is done in a haphazard manner is not using a system or any regular procedure.

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