CHAPTER 44

LACONIC (Adj.)

Meaning: Using few words in speech or writing

Use: When Shawn asked Betty why she didn’t come to the project meeting, she gave him a laconic answer that she wasn’t feeling well.

PITHY (Adj.)

Meaning: Using few words in a clear and effective way

Use: Fighting for the future, for all its provocative arguments and pithy language, sometimes borders on the apocalyptic.

SUCCINCT (Adj.)

Meaning: Using few words to state or express an idea

Use: Lorene’s succinct summary at the end of the speech provided the most significant information.

BREVITY (Noun)

Meaning: shortness or conciseness of expression

Use: Brevity is essential when you send a telegram or cablegram; you are charged for every word.

 

 

GIST (Noun)

Meaning: The main point or part

Use: The gist of the lawyer’s argument was that the law was unfair to women.

PITH (Noun)

Meaning: The most important part of something

Use: Today’ s journalists are adept to focus on pith.

CRUX (Noun)

Meaning: The most important point under discussion

Use: The crux of the matter resulted in a problem for the family.

 

 

 

Explanation: Ruminate (verb) means to think deeply. For an animal, ruminate means to bring up and chew again what has already been chewed and swallowed. Mull (verb) means to grind or mix thoroughly. It has second meaning also. It means to ponder. Muse (verb) means to be deep in thinking. Muse (Noun) means a woman who is a source of inspiration for artists.

CONTEMPLATE (Verb)

Meaning: Action of thinking or looking at something attentively

Use: Jack contemplated moving to a bigger city, thinking that he could find a job with a better salary than he had so far in the village where he lived.

PONDER (Verb)

Meaning: Action of thinking or looking at something attentively

Use: Ponder or think about the following over a period of time.

COGITATE (Verb)

Meaning: Action of thinking or looking at something attentively

Use: When James got back to the university dormitory, he sat at his desk and started to cogitate about the science project he was supposed to complete in three days.

CEREBRATE (Verb)

Meaning: Action of thinking or looking at something attentively

Use: James was cerebrating whether to go on vacation this month or next month.

RUMINATE (Verb)

Meaning: 1) To think deeply

2) (For an animal) to bring up and chew gain what has already been chewed and swallowed

Use: Ron was ruminating about which university he would go to long before he graduated from high school.

MULL (Verb)

Meaning: 1) To grind or mix thoroughly

2) To Ponder

Use: The team mulled their chances of success

MUSE (Verb)

Meaning: To be deep in thoughts

Use: Latonya will muse upon the suggestion while she is having her morning coffee.

MUSE (Noun)

Meaning: A woman who is a source of inspiration for artists

Use: Randy’s mother was the muse for his interest in music.

MEDITATE (Verb)

Meaning: To spend time in quiet thought for religious purposes or relaxation

Use: Marion’s friend will take time every day to meditate for an hour during the morning.

CHEW OVER (Verb)

Meaning: To meditate on or to think about reflectively

Use: Yet another senator chewing over the idea of running for president.

 

Explanation: Grate (Verb) means to irritate someone. It has second meaning also. It also means to reduce to small particles by rubbing on something rough. Persecute (Verb) means to annoy someone. It has second meaning also. It means to treat (someone) cruelly or unfairly especially because of race or religious belief. Disgruntle (verb) means to irritate someone. It also means to alienate someone. Miff (verb) and Pique (verb) means to make someone angry. Miff (Noun) and Pique (Noun) means feeling of being annoyed or irritated. Nag (Verb) and Peeve (Verb) means to annoy or irritate someone. Nag (Noun) and Peeve (Noun) means one who irritates. Nettle (Verb) means to make someone angry or to irritate someone. This word has also been covered in series for To make someone angry.

EXASPERATE (Verb)

Meaning: To make someone very angry or annoyed

Use: Constant interruptions will only exasperate the speaker.

GRATE (Verb)

Meaning: 1) To irritate someone

2) To reduce to small particles by rubbing on something rough

Use: While the pasta boiled, Jenifer would grate the cheese for the sauce.

GRATE (Noun)

Meaning: A metal frame with bars across it that is used in a fireplace

NETTLE (Noun)

Meaning: A plant covered with stinging hairs

NETTLE (Verb)

Meaning: To make someone angry

Use: The mayor’ s recent actions have nettled some members of the community.

PESTER (Verb)

Meaning: To annoy or bother (someone) in a repeated way

Use: Leave me alone! Stop pestering me!

VEX (Verb)

Meaning: To annoy or worry someone

Use: Jimmy was vexing his sister by refusing to let her see the TV program that she wanted to watch.

PERSECUTE (Verb)

Meaning: 1) To constantly annoy or bother (someone)

2) To treat (someone) cruelly or unfairly especially because of race or religious belief

Use: The regime was known to constantly persecute those who fought against it during the uprising.

DISGRUNTLE (Verb)

Meaning: 1) To annoy someone.

2) To alienate someone.

Use: The noises made by the students in the classroom were disgruntling the teacher.

MIFF (Verb)

Meaning: To make someone angry

Use: His comments about minority groups miffed many of us.

MIFF (Noun)

Meaning: Feeling of being annoyed or irritated

Use: “No one asked you!” She retorted, with some miff.

PIQUE (Verb)

Meaning: 1) To make someone angry

2) To cause curiosity or interest

Use: It seems that brightly colored things often pique a young child’s interest.

PIQUE (Noun)

Meaning: Feeling of being annoyed or irritated

Use: Marilyn went into a pique when she didn’t get her way.

NAG (Verb)

Meaning: To annoy someone

Use: Jim’s mother is always nagging him about his hairstyle.

NAG (Noun)

Meaning: One who irritates habitually

PEEVE (Verb)

Meaning: To irritate someone

Use: She is constantly peeved while she is trying to focus on her work.

PEEVE (Noun)

Meaning: Something that annoys someone

Use: One of her peeves is people who are always late.

 

 

Explanation: We covered word Miff (Noun & Verb) and Pique (Noun & Verb) in previous serious also.

UMBRAGE (Noun)

Meaning: A feeling of being offended by what someone has said or done

Use: When Susan’s husband called up and said that he had to work late at the office again, she took umbrage and was very disturbed because she suspected that another woman was involved in his repeated delays in arriving home.

DUDGEON (Noun)

Meaning: State of being irritated or indignant

Use: The woman walked out in high dudgeon when the clerk refused to let her look at some expensive purses simply because she was black; even though she was a millionaire.

MIFF (Verb)

Meaning: To make someone angry

Use: His comments about minority groups miffed many of us.

MIFF (Noun)

Meaning: Feeling of being annoyed or irritated

Use: “No one asked you!” She retorted, with some miff.

PIQUE (Verb)

Meaning: 1) To make someone angry

2) To cause curiosity or interest

Use: It seems that brightly colored things often pique a young child’s interest.

PIQUE (Noun)

Meaning: Feeling of being annoyed or irritated

Use: Marilyn went into a pique when she didn’t get her way.

 

Attempt Sentence Equivalence Test 15

Based on words covered in Chapter 42, Chapter 43, Chapter 44.

Number of questions: 6

Time limit: 10 min.

START TEST

 

1………………………………………………………………………………………………….

……42 43 44

 

 

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