CHAPTER 6 on Vocabulary

SANGFROID (OR APLOMB OR EQUANIMITY) (Noun)

 

Meaning- the ability to stay calm and polite in a dangerous or stressful situation.

Synonym- COMPOSURE, PLACIDITY, TRANQUILITY

Uses-

  • I was amazed at how he retained his sangfroid throughout the discussion.
  • They committed the robbery with complete sangfroid.
  • Despite the workload, I managed to maintain my sangfroid and to provide composure, solid leadership, and support to my staff.
  • Nothing could disturb his sangfroid.

 

APOCRYPHAL (Adj.)

Meaning- Of questionable authenticity; false.

Uses-

  • I am sorry, but this putative letter from George Washington that you found at a garage sale is clearly apocryphal.
  • When Fay’s friend said that he believed in the Bible, she wasn’t sure if he meant the apocryphal writings, too.
  • The literature professor said that, in his opinion, most “rags-to-riches” stories turn out to be apocryphal.

      

APOSTATE (OR DESERTER OR RENEGADE) (Noun)

Meaning- 1) a person whose beliefs have changed and who no longer belongs to a religious or political group.

Synonym- DEFECTOR, RECREANT

Uses-

  • An apostate from one political party later became one of its harshest critics.
  • Social renegades gave rise to revolution against the government.
  • These renegades have rebelled against and rejected heaven, so they must, in turn, be denied life.
  • The honest man must be a perpetual renegade, the life of an honest man a perpetual infidelity. For the man who wishes to remain faithful must take himself perpetually unfaithful to all the continual, successive, indefatigable errors.

          

PARAGON (OR EPITOME OR APOTHEOSIS) (Noun)

Meaning- 1) A perfect example.

2) A person or thing that is perfect or excellent in some way and should be considered a model or example to be copied.

Synonym- PARADIGM, PROTOTYPE, QUINTESSENCE

Uses-

  • Mahatma Gandhi was a paragon of virtue.
  • I make no claim to be a paragon.
  • A selfless desire to help others is the paragon of the virtue of charity.
  • Dawood Ibrahim was a paragon of vice.

        

APPOSITE (OR PERTINENT OR GERMANE) (Adj.)

Meaning- very appropriate or suitable for the occasion or situation

Mnemonic trick- The word apposite sounds similar to opposite. Apposite is the opposite of word opposite. Therefore, apposite does not mean something out of the point, it means something to the point.

Synonym- RELEVANT, TO THE POINT

Antonym- INAPPOSITE, IMPERTINENT,

Uses-

  • Media attacked mayor with apposite questions related to scam.
  • facts apposite to the dispute.
  • If you have less time, then it is the apposite source to consult from.
  • If have also added an apposite quotation to the definition.

                               

APPRAISE (Verb)

Meaning- 1) to place a value on.

2) to judge the worth of something or to say how much something is worth after you have carefully examined.

Synonym- ESTIMATE

Uses-

  • The ring must be appraised by a jeweler before it can be insured.
  • What is the property’ s appraised value?

 

 

1  ……………………………………………………………………………. 5 6 7 ……………………….. 30

 

 

 

 

 

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