CHAPTER 7 on Word Groups

Explanation: Entreaty (Noun) means a serious request for something.

BESEECH (Verb)

Meaning: To ask (someone) in a serious and emotional way to do something

Use: Falling to her knees, the princess cried, “Please, kind knight, I beseech you to let me go.”

IMPLORE (Verb)

Meaning: To beg earnestly

Use: The tenants implored their landlord not to sell the house

IMPORTUNE (Verb)

Meaning: To ask (someone) for something or to do something in a repeated or annoying way

Use: Despite the fact that Ira knew Pam’s feet were hurting her, he was importuning her to go for a walk with him around the harbor.

SUPPLICATE (Verb)

Meaning: Humbly ask for something

Use: Sometimes, when a student hasn’t been able to complete a homework assignment on time, he or she might supplicate the teacher for an extension of the deadline.

SOLICIT (Verb)

Meaning: To ask for (something, such as money or help) from people, companies etc.

Use: Although prostitution was not itself an offense, soliciting was

ENTREATY (Noun)

Meaning: A serious request for something

Use: Our entreaties to give us another few minutes to answer the test questions fell on deaf ears.

 

 

DEFACE (Verb)

Meaning: To ruin the surface of (something) especially with writing or pictures

Use: The young man was caught defacing his father’s books.

MAR (Verb)

Meaning: To ruin the beauty or perfection of (something)

Use: The church is currently being repainted whilst construction to the front of the secondary school mars its appearance somewhat.

 

 

PROSAIC (Adj.)

Meaning: Dull or ordinary

Use: Jim was looking for another job because he thought the people at work were too preoccupied with prosaic concerns of day-to-day routines.

HUMDRUM (Adj.)

Meaning: Dull, boring and ordinary

Use: I used to feel almost trapped by the normal, everyday, humdrum life.

MUNDANE (Adj.)

Meaning: Dull and ordinary

Use: The next day was as boring, mundane, unexciting, humdrum and monotonous as usual.

BANAL (Adj.)

Meaning: Boring or ordinary

Use: There were no new ideas in the politician’s banal speech.

HACKNEYED (Adj.)

Meaning: Not fresh or original

Use: Sometimes people use hackneyed words, phrases, jokes, or topics to such a degree that they are boring and of little interest for others who have to listen to them.

TRITE (Adj.)

Meaning: Not fresh or original

Use: The continuous trite announcements on TV about the famous person’s trial became uninteresting and boring.

THREADBARE (Adj.)

Meaning: Not very effective, interesting etc. because of being used too often

Use: A novel filled with nothing but threadbare clichés.

QUOTIDIAN (Adj.)

Meaning: Ordinary or very common

Use: The orderly operation of the federal government depends upon this continuous and quotidian cooperation.

VAPID (Adj.)

Meaning: Dull or boring

Use: Goldie sang a song with vapid or lifeless and unexciting lyrics.

INSIPID (Adj.)

Meaning: Dull or boring

Use: He was said to have an insipid personality.”

 

 

NOVEL (Adj.)

Meaning: New and different from what has been known before

Use: She has suggested a novel approach to the problem.

GROUNDBREAKING (Adj.)

Meaning: Introducing new ideas or methods

Use: She was honored for her groundbreaking work in nuclear physics.

UNPRECEDENTED (Adj.)

Meaning: Not done or experienced before

Use: The government took the unprecedented step of releasing confidential correspondence

INNOVATIVE (Adj.)

Meaning: Introducing new ideas or methods

Use: An innovative approach to the problem.

 

 

Explanation: Expedite (Noun) means to activate or speed up. Catalyst (Noun) means a person or event that activates something.

EXPEDITE (Verb)

Meaning: To cause (something) to happen faster

Use: Using postal codes on letters and packages expedites the delivery of mail and Mollie was so glad that the envelope with her birthday greetings was sent the day before to her mother and it was expedited via the mail service.

CATALYST (Noun)

Meaning: A person or event that quickly causes change or action

Use: The destruction of the Twin Towers in New York on September 11, 2001, was the catalyst for U.S. attacks against terrorists in Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, etc.

 

 

INCITE (Verb)

Meaning: To cause (an angry, harmful or violent action or feeling)

Use: The news incited widespread fear and hatred between the two countries over the killing of the boys.

INSTIGATE (Verb)

Meaning: To cause (something) to happen or begin

Use: The angry boy on the playground tried to instigate a fight with the others.

PROVOKE (Verb)

Meaning: To cause (a person or animal) to become angry, violent etc.

Use: The noise made by Frank’s friends during his birthday party late in the evening provoked his neighbors to complain about it the next day.

FOMENT (Verb)

Meaning: To cause or try to cause the growth of (something bad or harmful)

Use:  Lorna did as much as she could to foment a quarrel between the two politicians at the political rally.

 

 

Explanation: Demagogic (Adj.) deviates slightly. It gives reference to someone who incites revolt especially by appealing to prejudices or by making false claims.

INCENDIARY (Noun)

Meaning: A person who incites revolt or who takes part in revolt

Use: His speech in defense of abortion was highly incendiary to his mostly Catholic audience.

AGITATOR (Noun)

Meaning: A person who tries to get people angry or upset so that they will support an effort to change a government, company etc.

Use: The police arrested several antigovernment agitators.

ARSONIST (Noun)

Meaning: A person who deliberately sets fire to property

Use: The arsonist threw gasoline on a pile of old rags and tossed a lit match onto the pile, hoping to destroy the building so he could collect an insurance payment that would be worth more than the property.

SEDITIOUS (Adj.)

Meaning: Disposed to arouse or taking part in sedition

Use: The seditious comments on television by the politician resulted in his being arrested and his claim that he was only exercising his “right to free speech”.

DEMAGOGIC (Adj.)

Meaning: Of, relating to, or characteristic of a demagogue or rabble-rouser

Use: People often experience the presentations of demagogic politicians who are running for various offices in governments around the world!

 

Explanation: Demagogic (Adj.) deviates slightly. It gives reference to someone who incites revolt especially by appealing to prejudices or by making false claims.

INCENDIARY (Noun)

Meaning: A person who incites revolt or who takes part in revolt

Use: His speech in defense of abortion was highly incendiary to his mostly Catholic audience.

AGITATOR (Noun)

Meaning: A person who tries to get people angry or upset so that they will support an effort to change a government, company etc.

Use: The police arrested several antigovernment agitators.

ARSONIST (Noun)

Meaning: A person who deliberately sets fire to property

Use: The arsonist threw gasoline on a pile of old rags and tossed a lit match onto the pile, hoping to destroy the building so he could collect an insurance payment that would be worth more than the property.

SEDITIOUS (Adj.)

Meaning: Disposed to arouse or taking part in sedition

Use: The seditious comments on television by the politician resulted in his being arrested and his claim that he was only exercising his “right to free speech”.

DEMAGOGIC (Adj.)

Meaning: Of, relating to, or characteristic of a demagogue or rabble-rouser

Use: People often experience the presentations of demagogic politicians who are running for various offices in governments around the world!

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