CHAPTER 8

BUCOLIC (Adj.)

Meaning: Of or relating to the country or country life

Use: I love the idea of a bucolic agrarian business.

PASTORAL (Adj.)

Meaning: Of or relating to the countryside or to the lives of people who live in the country

Use: In these stories of pastoral life, we find an understanding of the daily tasks of country folk.

RUSTIC (Adj.)

Meaning: Of, relating to, or suitable for the country or people who live in the country

Use: The tug of war is still considered a rustic sport in the cities.

BUMPKIN (Noun)

Meaning: An awkward and unsophisticated rural person

Use: Met a fellow English bumpkin while traveling to Birmingham.

HILLBILLY (Noun)

Meaning: A person from a rural area who is often regarded as someone who lacks education, who is stupid etc.

Use: In the skit, he was a shy hillbilly in love with a city girl.

YOKEL (Noun)

Meaning: An innocent inhabitant of a rural area or small town

Use: A lame comedy about the misadventures of yokels in the big city.

 

 

REMNANT (Noun)

Meaning: Remaining part

Use: I suggest that you wait until the store places the remnants of these goods on sale.

TRACE (Noun)

Meaning: sign or mark of some past thing

Use: The killer left no traces.

VESTIGE (Noun)

Meaning: The last small part that remains of something that existed before

Use: The vestiges of the footprints in the sand gave the biologist hints that a large turtle had crawled on the beach during the night.

RESIDUAL (Noun)

Meaning: The last small part that remains of something that existed before

Use: The fossilized residuals of dinosaurs.

RESIDUAL (Adj.)

Meaning: The remaining part after greater part has gone

Use: She is still dealing with the residual effects of the accident.

 

 

Explanation: Smirk (or gloat) (Verb) means to be satisfied with yourself and to be happy about someone’ s else trouble.

COMPLACENT (Adj.)

Meaning: Satisfied or unconcerned

Use: Ever since Cain received his raise, he has been the most complacent person in the office and he doesn’t do as much work as he did before.

SMUG (Adj.)

Meaning: Highly self-satisfied

Use: “Samuel had a smug expression on his face because he was sure he had won the competition.”

SMIRK (Verb)

Meaning: To be satisfied with yourself and to be happy about someone’ s else trouble

Use: The nasty minded youth seemed to smirk when making a comment that would debase the reputation of his friend.

GLOAT (Verb)

Meaning: To be satisfied with yourself and to be happy about someone’ s else trouble

Use: As you gloat over your ill-gotten wealth, do you think of the many victims you have defrauded?

 

MORTIFY (Verb)

Meaning: To cause (someone) to feel very embarrassed and foolish

Use: She was so mortified by her blunder that she ran to her room in tears.

ABASH (Verb)

Meaning: To destroy the self-possession or self-confidence of

Use: The violinist was abashed when the string on her violin broke right in the middle of her recital.

DISCOMFIT (Verb)

Meaning: To make someone uneasy or embarrassed

Use: The administer was discomfited by the decrease in sales of his company’s products.

DISCONCERT (Verb)

Meaning: To make (someone) upset or embarrassed

Use: The sudden change in the weather will disconcert our plans to hike up the mountain.

DISCOUNTENANCE (Verb)

Meaning: To destroy the self-confidence of someone or to embarrass someone

Use: The political party was discountenanced by the actions of a few of its overly zealous members.

 

 

Explanation: Doctrine (Noun) means principle of law. It also means set of ideas or beliefs that are taught or believed to be true. Therefore, we have covered this word in this series and it has also been covered in series for Set of beliefs.

PROTOCOL (Noun)

Meaning: A system of rules that explain the correct conduct and procedures to be followed

Use: The administrative committee met last week to revise the protocol for future meetings.

CAVEAT (Noun)

Meaning: An explanation or warning

Use: Manfred’s investment advice came with a caveat that the stock market is impossible to forecast with complete accuracy.

CANON (Noun)

Meaning: A general rule or principle

Use: Anyone who disregards every canon of honesty, as this store manager has, should be fired

EDICT (Noun)

Meaning: An official order given by a person with power or by a government

Use: There were edicts of the Roman praetors, and later by the emperors, and then by French monarchs.

RESCRIPT (Noun)

Meaning: An official order given by a person with power or by a government

Use: Even though there was never an official rescript ordering mass genocide, that was indeed the intent and effect of the government’ s policy.

DECREE (Noun)

Meaning: An official order given by a person with power or by a government

Use: The decrees that abolished slavery were meant to establish the foundations of a nation committed to equality for all people.

FIAT (Noun)

Meaning: An official order given by a person with power or by a government

Use: The judge sent out judicial fiats requiring witnesses to show up for the trial.

DOCTRINE (Noun)

Meaning: A set of ideas or beliefs that are taught or believed to be true

Use: Both groups continue to perpetuate the old and outworn doctrines of party politics.

DICTUM (Noun)

Meaning: A statement or well-known remark that expresses an important idea or rule

Use: Medical doctors are required to follow the dictum of “First, do no harm.”

 

 

Explanation: We have covered word Doctrine in this series and it has been also covered in series for Rule/Official order. Tenet (Noun) means a belief or idea and Tenant (Noun) means a person who rents a house, apartment etc. from a landlord.

DOCTRINE (Noun)

Meaning: A set of ideas or beliefs that are taught or believed to be true

Use: The government was founded on a doctrine of equality for all people.

DOGMA (Noun)

Meaning: A belief or set of beliefs that is accepted by the members of a group without being questioned or doubted

Use: These new findings challenge the current dogma in the field.

TENET (Noun)

Meaning: A belief or idea that is very important to a group

Use: “The basic tenet of my faith is to be kind to other people.”

 

 

ASSORTED (Adj.)

Meaning: Including several kinds

Use: A box of assorted chocolates.

SUNDRY (Adj.)

Meaning: Made up of different things

Use: There were sundry items sitting on the shelf in the bathroom.

MULTIFARIOUS (Adj.)

Meaning: Of many and various kinds

Use: Some multifarious leaves are arranged in numerous vertical rows.

MOTLEY (Adj.)

Meaning: Made up of many different people or things

Use: A motley crew of discontents and zealots.

ECLECTIC (Adj.)

Meaning: Including things taken from many different sources

Use: He is very eclectic and his mix of abilities is so different from the common concept of an artist.

 

HARMONIOUS (Adj.)

Meaning: 1) Having a pleasing mixture or combination of notes

2) Not experiencing disagreement or fighting

Use: The room had such harmonious colors in its decor.

SYMPHONIOUS (Adj.)

Meaning: Harmonious

Use: The composer is known for his symphonious orchestrations of instruments from diverse musical traditions.

EUPHONIOUS (Adj.)

Meaning: Having a pleasant sound

Use:  Sherry was glad that Dr. Davis, her family doctor, had a very euphonious voice which quieted her down because she was always so nervous when she went to get her yearly vaccination.

MELODIOUS (Adj.)

Meaning: Having a pleasing sound

Use: The melodious tones of his mother’s voice always reminded William of the wonderful days he spent as a child.

CANOROUS (Adj.)

Meaning: Melodious

Use: A canorous chorus of birdsong filled the morning air

MELLIFLUOUS (Adj.)

Meaning: Melodious

Use: “She made a mellifluous speech with her mellifluous voice.”

DULCET (Adj.)

Meaning: Pleasant to hear

Use: Instead of the dulcet sounds of “Silent Night”, there are imprecations emanating from the kitchen.

 

 

AFFIRM (Verb)

Meaning: To say that something is true in a confident way

Use: “The government affirmed its commitment to solve the financial problems.”

CLINCH (Verb)

Meaning: To make (something) certain or final

Use:  The judge’s comments appeared to clinch the argument between the lawyers.

CORROBORATE (Verb)

Meaning: To support or help prove (a statement, theory etc.) by providing information or evidence

Use: The independent research from the two scientists appeared to corroborate the cause of the disease.

ENDORSE (Verb)

Meaning: To publicly or officially say that you support or approve of (someone or something)

Use: There are people who are publicly endorsing one or the other candidates who are running for President of the U.S.

SUBSTANTIATE (Verb)

Meaning: To prove the truth of (something)

Use: The officer asked the witness if she had the facts to substantiate the information she was providing about the bank robbery.

VALIDATE (Verb)

Meaning: Prove or declare to be valid

Use: These estimates have been validated by periodic surveys.

 

Attempt Sentence Equivalence Test 3

Based on words covered in Chapter 7, Chapter 8.

Number of questions: 13

Time limit: 20 min.

START TEST

 

1….. 7 8 9 …………………………………………………………44

 

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