CHAPTER 17

GRE GROUPED WORDS

gre grouped words

PENITENCE (Noun)

Meaning: A feeling of deep sadness because you have done something wrong

Use: Forgiveness of any unacceptable action by a person requires penitence.

CONTRITION (Noun)

Meaning: The state of feeling sorry for bad behavior

Use: When Sally accidentally knocked over the bowl containing the goldfish in the living room, her contrition was greatly expressed with loud sobbing and yelling her terrible feelings.

REPENTANCE (Noun)

Meaning: Feeling or showing sorry for doing something wrong

Use: He preached that repentance was the first step on the path of rectification of mistake.

COMPUNCTION (Noun)

Meaning: A feeling of guilt or regret

Use: Jack had a feeling of compunction when he couldn’t celebrate his mother’s 90th birthday with her because he had to work late in order to complete a project that he was working on.

REMORSE (Noun)

Meaning: A feeling of being sorry for doing something bad or wrong

Use: I could forgive him for what he did if he showed some remorse.

 

GRE GROUPED WORDS

gre grouped words

PROLIFIC (Adj.)

Meaning: Producing a large amount of something

Use: a prolific pair of rabbits.

FECUND (Adj.)

Meaning: fruitful or producing many babies or young animals

Use: A fecund breed of cattle.

FRUITFUL (Adj.)

Meaning: Producing a good result or productive

Use: We had a fruitful discussion about the problems with the schedule.

FRUCTUOUS (Adj.)

Meaning: Producing a good result or productive

Use: Settlers gradually migrated from the rocky shores to more fructuous lands.

 

GRE GROUPED WORDS

gre grouped words

HERESIARCH (Noun)

Meaning: A person whose belief or opinion does not agree with the official belief or opinion of a particular religion

Use: His about-face on welfare reform has led him to be seen as a heresiarch among his party’ s faithful.

HERETIC (Noun)

Meaning: Someone who believes or teaches something that goes against accepted or official beliefs

Use: Martin Luther was a German theologian and leader of the Reformation who was considered to be a heretic by the Catholic hierarchy because of his opposition to the wealth and corruption of the papacy and his belief that salvation was granted on the basis of faith in God and not by works or deeds.

ICONOCLAST (Noun)

Meaning: A person who criticizes or opposes beliefs and practices that are widely accepted

Use: Trudy is an iconoclast who will have nothing to do with organized religions.

MAVERICK (Noun)

Meaning: A person who refuses to follow the customs or rules of a group

Use: The mayor tended to be a maverick in terms of cooperating with the other members of the city council.

HETERODOX (Adj.)

Meaning: Not agreeing with established beliefs or standards

Use: To those who upheld the belief that the earth did not move, Galileo’ s theory that the earth circled the sun was disturbingly heterodox.

 

GRE GROUPED WORDS

gre grouped words

ABERRANT (Adj.)

Meaning: Deviating from usual or normal

Use: Timothy’s aberrant personality frequently got him into trouble with his employers.

ANOMALOUS (Adj.)

Meaning: Not expected or usual

Use: When on vacation in the tropics, Doreen’s brother watched in amazement as an anomalous species of fish crawled out of the water and along the ground over to a different pond.

UNWONTED (Adj.)

Meaning: Not normal, usual or expected

Use: No one ever thought Norton would be such an unwonted contributor of so much money for the homeless people in his community.

 

GRE GROUPED WORDS

EPHEMERAL (Adj.)

Meaning: Lasting a very short time

Use: Many people enjoy the ephemeral beauty of spring.

EVANESCENT (Adj.)

Meaning: Lasting a very short time

Use: It was evanescent, fading just as quickly as it had appeared, and translucent to begin with.

FLEETING (Adj.)

Meaning: Lasting a very short time

Use: I caught a fleeting glimpse of the comet.

TRANSITORY (Adj.)

Meaning: Lasting a very short time

Use: Suburban populations are often transitory for economic reasons; such as, when there are not enough employment opportunities.

FUGITIVE (Adj.)

Meaning: 1) Running away to avoid being captured

2) Lasting a very short time

Use: As he daydreamed, fugitive thoughts passed through his mind.

 

GRE GROUPED WORDS

Explanation: Abhor (Verb), Abominate (Verb), Despise (Verb), Detest (Verb), Execrate (Verb), Loathe (Verb) means to hate or dislike. Odium (Noun) deviates slightly. Odium (Noun) means widespread hate or disgust.

ABHOR (Verb)

Meaning: To dislike (someone or something) very much

Use: Kay’s neighbor has always abhorred loud music because it causes him to have severe headaches.

ABOMINATE (Verb)

Meaning: To feel great hatred for (someone or something)

Use: Allen has always abominated loud music and could not be tempted to attend a rock concert in the local park.

DESPISE (Verb)

Meaning: To dislike (someone or something) very much

Use: Although it was despised by the critics, the movie attracted a large audience.

DETEST (Verb)

Meaning: To dislike (someone or something) very strongly

Use: James and Sara detest their landlord and so they are looking for another place to live.

EXECRATE (Verb)

Meaning:  To hate (someone or something) very much

Use: Alison was execrating over the thought of having to complete the marathon during the heat wave.

LOATHE (Verb)

Meaning: To hate (someone or something) very much

Use: Trina is loathed to get her feet wet in the winter.

ODIUM (Noun)

Meaning: Widespread hate or disgust

Use: His job had made him the target of public hostility and odium.

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