Meaning- 1) to refuse to accept or support (something).
2) to refuse to have anything to do with; to disown
3) to reject as untrue or unjust; such as, to repudiate a charge or to repudiate an allegation.
4) to disapprove of something formally and strongly.
5) to divorce or to separate formally from (a woman).
Mnemonic trick- The word repudiate contains word ‘repu’ and ‘ate’.’repu’ sounds similar to rupee. He took my rupee and repudiated my offer. Therefore, repudiate means to refuse to accept or support (something).
Synonym- REFUTE, REJECT, DISCONFIRM, DISOWN
- He repudiated the allegation/charge/claim.
- He has publicly repudiated the government’ s policies.
- He published an article that repudiates the study’ s claims.
RANCOR (OR RESENTMENT) (Noun)
Meaning- feeling of hatred or desire to hurt someone especially because of the thinking that they have done something unfair to you.
Mnemonic trick- The word rancor sounds similar to ranker. In class students, have feeling of hatred for ranker of their class and students want to be ahead of topper and sometimes students think that topper got good marks by using some unfair method. Therefore, rancor means feeling of hatred or desire to hurt someone especially because of the thinking that they have done something unfair to you.
Synonym- ACRIMONY, BITTERNESS, MALICE, ENMITY, VINDICTIVENESS, HOSTILITY, MALEVOLENCE
- Politician answered bitter questions of reporters without rancor.
- Debate created degree of rancor among panelists.
- All the confusion at the airport caused considerable rancor mong the passengers whose flights were delayed so long or cancelled.
RESPLENDENT (OR REFULGENT) (Noun)
Meaning- very bright and attractive
Synonym- SPLENDID, GLITTERING, DAZZLING, BRILLIANT
Mnemonic trick- splend in word resplendent is similar to splendor. I have new resplendent splendor bike. Therefore, resplendent means shinning or bright or attractive.
- He glimpsed Sonia, resplendent in her red gown.
- The wedding altar was resplendent with flowers.
Meaning- Inclined to keep one’ s thoughts, feelings and personal affairs to oneself or not willing to tell people about things.
Mnemonic trick- The word reticent contains word ‘cent’. ‘cent’ sounds similar to saint. Saints hardly talk to people and they keep their thoughts, feelings and personal affairs to themselves. Therefore, reticent means inclined to keep one’ s thoughts, feelings and personal affairs to oneself or not willing to tell people about things.
Synonym- UNCOMMUNICATIVE, TACITURN, RESERVED
Antonym- ELOQUENT, GARRULOUS, LOQUACIOUS
- The panel decided to investigate the fraud charges against the company, which has always been reticent about its internal operations.
- Curtis is reticent about discussing his past life.
- Mollie was reticent about discussing the cause of her feeling so sad.
- Most of the students are reticent about responding to teacher.
Meaning- 1) Looking to the pastor backward; applying to the past.
2) effective from a particular date in the past.
- The proposed law is retrospective: anyone who violated the law before the law even existed can be prosecuted.
Meaning- An exhibition of work that an artist has done in the past.
- The museum is featuring a retrospective of Picasso’ s early works.