Vocabulary

CHAPTER 1

ABANDON (Adj.)

Meaning- 1) to leave and never return to (someone).

2) to leave and never return to (something).

Mnemonic trick- The word abandon contains word ‘ban’. when something gets banned we abandon that thing. Therefore, abandon means to leave and never return to something.

Synonym- LEAVE, DESERT

Uses-

  • Alex did n’ t abandon Tessy when she needed him most.
  • But that does n’ t mean I have to abandon them.
  • It was mandatory for them to abandon their native language.
  • The smart thing would be to abandon weak allies.
  • When it is obvious that your goals can’ t be reached, don’t abandon your goals. Change your steps.

ABATE (Verb)

Meaning- to become weaker or to decrease in strength.

Mnemonic trick- The word abate contains word ‘bate’. ‘bate’ sounds similar to wait. We generally wait until the rain abates or when there is a problem we can’ t do our work until the problem abates. Therefore, abate means to become weaker or to decrease in strength.

Synonym- DIMINISH, LESSEN, SLACKEN, SUBSIDE, WANE

Uses-

  • In an hour or so storm would abate and they could leave.
  • Problems of people would abate and normalcy will return.
  • It is hoped that storm will abate after some time.
  • It was raining cats and dogs, Rahul and his wife decided to wait until the rain abated before leaving.

 

ABDICATE (OR ABNEGATE) (Verb)

 

 

Meaning- To give up a position, right or power ( त्यागना)

Synonym- RENOUNCE, RELINQUISH

Uses

  • I will abdicate my contract with the company because I do not agree to new terms and conditions.
  • The outraged citizen forced the mayor to abdicate.
  • Government both central and state, seem to abdicate their responsibility to provide good education and health services to citizens.
  • To abdicate from responsibility by doing nothing can be viewed as a sin.

                  ABDUCT (Verb)                   

            

Meaning- to kidnap or to take (someone) away from a place by force.

Synonym- KIDNAP

Uses-

  • Abducting anyone is against the law and is severely punishable.
  • His wife and his children were abducted from their home.
  • Sheena was wondering what would happen if the man abducted the puppy without getting permission.
  • The gangsters planned to abduct the politician’ s young daughter and demand a huge ransom from her family.

 

ABERRANT (OR ANOMALOUS) (Adj.)

                         

 

 

Meaning- deviation from usual or natural type

Synonym- ERRANT

Uses-

  • Driving on the wrong side of the road is considered an aberrant driving practice and may result in the traffic accident.
  • Drought or aberrant monsoons both will lead to higher food and vegetable prices, fueling inflation once again.

 

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