CHAPTER 34 on Word Groups

WORD GROUPS IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE

word groups in english language

CRAFTY (Adj.)

Meaning: Clever in usually a dishonest or deceptive way

Use: People who are crafty are known to cleverly use sneaky methods or schemes to get whatever they want because they are shrewd, sly, artful, etc.

DUPLICITOUS (Adj.)

Meaning: 1) Marked by duplicity.

2) Deceptive in words or action.

Use: I warned my friend not to trust the duplicitous dealer.

WILY (Adj.)

Meaning: Very clever

Use: She is as wily as a fox in avoiding trouble.

BILK (Noun)

Meaning: An untrustworthy tricky individual

Use: People who lost money in the scheme discovered that the investment company was a fake and the “owner” just a bilk.

 

WORD GROUPS IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE

word groups in english language

Explanation: Fleece (Verb) means to deceive someone. It has second meaning also. Fleece (Noun) means jacket of wool or warm cloth. Dupe (verb) means to deceive someone. It has second meaning also. Dupe (Noun) also means a person who is easily deceived or cheated.

BILK (Verb)

Meaning: To trick or deceive someone

Use: Some businesses bilk thousands of dollars from unsuspecting elderly consumers.

BEGUILE (Verb)

Meaning: To trick or deceive someone

Use: Jenelle was beguiled into thinking that she could become a famous actress.

SWINDLE (Verb)

Meaning: to take money or property from someone by using lies or tricks

Use: A businessman swindled investors out of millions of dollars.

SWINDLE (Noun)

Meaning: An ant or instance of taking money from someone by using lies and tricks.

Use: He is mixed up in a $10 million insurance swindle.

FLEECE (Verb)

Meaning: To trick or deceive someone

Use: Jack said, “Vincent, don’t let that guy fleece you by overcharging you for that used car.”

FLEECE (Noun)

Meaning: A jacket of wool or warm cloth

Use: The fleece of sheep needs to be trimmed, shorn, or clipped off with shears or clippers so it can be used for useful products.

DUPE (Verb)

Meaning: To trick or deceive someone

Use: The man in the hotel tried to dupe Cathleen’s friend into paying a high price for a cheap watch.

DUPE (Noun)

Meaning: a person who is easily deceived or cheated

Use: In a sense, these ignorant dupes are as many victims of the terrorists as their targets are.

HOODWINK (Verb)

Meaning: To trick or deceive someone

Use: They accuse stem cell research traditionalists of hoodwinking the public by promising cures they cannot deliver.

 

WORD GROUPS IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE

word groups in english language

Explanation:  Masquerade (Noun), Façade (Noun), Gloss (Noun) and Veneer (Noun) means an act of pretending or behaving that gives other people a false idea. Façade (Noun) means the front of a building. Veneer (Noun) means the thin covering of fine wood. Gloss (Noun) means shine on a smooth surface. Façade (Noun), Gloss (Noun) and Veneer (Noun) have second meaning also. Façade (Noun), Gloss (Noun) and Veneer (Noun) also mean an act of pretending or behaving that gives other people a false idea. Gloss (Noun) has third meaning also. Gloss (Noun) also means an act of explaining.

Masquerade (Verb), Veneer (Verb), Gloss (Verb), Feign (Verb) and Dissemble (Verb) means to pretend or behave that gives other people a false idea.

MASQUERADE (Noun)

Meaning: an act of pretending or behaving that gives other people a false idea.

Use: His masquerade ended when he was arrested.

MASQUERADE (Verb)

Meaning: to pretend or behave that gives other people a false idea.

Use: He was masquerading under a false name.

VENEER (Noun)

Meaning: 1) act of pretending or behaving that gives other people a false idea

2) thin covering of fine wood.

Use: Industrial plywood is made of several layers of veneer glued together.

VENEER (Verb)

Meaning: to pretend or behave that gives other people a false idea.

Use: The cabinet was veneered in oak.

GLOSS (Noun)

Meaning: 1) shine on a smooth surface

2) act of pretending or behaving that gives other people a false idea

3) act of explaining.

Use: You look outside and see it – that shinning, shimmering gloss of frost on the ground, on the car, and in the trees.

GLOSS (Verb)

Meaning: to pretend or behave that gives other people a false idea.

Use: They assume the liberty of interpreting and glossing upon some laws.

FAÇADE (Noun)

Meaning: 1) front of a building.

2) act of pretending or behaving that gives other people a false idea

Use: It was interesting to see the windowless facade of the skyscraper in New York.

DISSEMBLE (Verb)

Meaning: to pretend or behave that gives other people a false idea.

Use: When Jennifer’s father asked her what was wrong, she dissembled and told him that her friend was caught cheating on a test in class, when in reality, Jennifer was the one who was being dishonest.

FEIGN (Verb)

Meaning: to pretend or behave that gives other people a false idea.

Use: Janice will feign being ill on Friday so she won’t have to participate in the sports’ activities at school.

 

WORD GROUPS IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE

Explanation:  Cloak (Noun), Mantle (Noun) and shroud (Noun) mean clothes used for hiding or covering. Cloak (Verb), Mantle (Verb) and Shroud (Verb) mean to cover or hide. Mantle (Noun) has second meaning also. It also means a position of someone who has responsibility or authority.

CLOAK (Noun)

Meaning: A loose sleeveless outer garment

Use: Their plans were shrouded in a cloak of secrecy.

CLOAK (Verb)

Meaning: to cover or hide

Use: The outlaw nation had cloaked its chemical weapons plant as a fertilizer factory.

MANTLE (Noun)

Meaning: 1) A loose garment or covering

2) A position of someone who has responsibility or authority

Use: When Marvin went to the opera, he wore an elegant mantle instead of a coat.

MANTLE (Verb)

Meaning: to cover or hide

Use: “The streets and cars were mantled in the snow.”

SHROUD (Noun)

Meaning: Something that covers or hides something

Use: The truth of affair will always be hidden under a shroud of secrecy.

SHROUD (Verb)

Meaning: to cover or hide

Use: The mountains were shrouded in fog.

 

WORD GROUPS IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE

word groups in english language

Explanation:  Camouflage (Noun) means green and brown clothing that soldiers and hunters wear to make them harder to see or natural appearance of animals that make them harder to see. Camouflage (Verb) and Conceal (Verb) means to hide.

CAMOUFLAGE (Verb)

Meaning: To hide

Use: Modern journalist does not camouflage their personal opinion. They baldly take a political stand.

CAMOUFLAGE (Noun)

Meaning: green and brown clothing that soldiers and hunters wear to make them harder to see or natural appearance of animals that make them harder to see

Use: Some rabbits have white fur which functions as camouflage in the snow.

CONCEAL (Verb)

Meaning: To hide

Use: The evidence was carefully concealed by the prosecutor.

 

WORD GROUPS IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE

word groups in english language

Explanation:  Breach (Verb) means to fail to obey a law. It also means to make a hole or opening in (something). Breach (Noun) means act of violation a law. It also means hole or opening. Infraction (Noun) means act of breaking a law. Infringe (Verb) means to break a law. It has second meaning also. It also means to limit or restrict (something, such as another person’ s rights)

TRANSGRESS (Verb)

Meaning: To disobey a command or law

Use: There are legal consequences for companies that transgress the rules.

CONTRAVENE (Verb)

Meaning: To fail to do what is required by (a law or rule)

Use: Doug decided to contravene the teacher’s order not to copy from his neighbor’s test during the exam, and he got caught doing it!

FLOUT (Verb)

Meaning: To break or ignore (a law, rule etc.) without showing fear or without shame

Use: For some reason, when Jamie came home after being in his new high school, all he could do as he talked with his parents was to flout the teachers and students.

VIOLATE (Verb)

Meaning: 1) to break a rule or agreement

2) To treat with disrespect

Use: There has been a spasmodic violation of ceasefire by Pakistan.

INFRINGE (Verb)

Meaning: 1) to break a law

2) to limit or restrict (something, such as another person’ s rights)

Use: When you walk across Cleo’s lawn, you infringe on her rights to privacy.

BREACH (Noun)

Meaning: 1) act of violating a law

2) hole or opening

Use: There was a breach in several places of the wall so the soldiers could get into the fortress.

BREACH (Verb)

Meaning: 1) to fail to obey a law

2) to make a hole or opening in (something)

Use: The medieval warriors used a battering ram to breach the wall and to complete the invasion of the town.

INFRACTION (Noun)

Meaning: act of breaking a law

Use: Monroe was penalized for an infraction of parking on the street beyond the time limit.

 

Attempt Sentence Equivalence Test 12

Based on words covered in Chapter 32, Chapter 33, Chapter 34.

Number of questions: 4

Time limit: 8 min.

START TEST

 

1….. 33 34 35 …………………………………………………………44
Let your friend know that you are preparing for GRE like a bossShare on Facebook
Facebook
Share on Google+
Google+
Tweet about this on Twitter
Twitter
Share on LinkedIn
Linkedin